Eschscholtzia

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poppy

poppy, common name for some members of the Papaveraceae, a family composed chiefly of herbs of the Northern Hemisphere having a characteristic milky or colored sap. Most species are native to the Old World; many are cultivated in gardens for their brilliantly colored if short-lived blossoms. Many of the species have several varieties and show a wide range of colors, especially in red, yellow, and white shades.

The true poppy genus is Papaver, but many flowers of related genera are also called poppies. The most frequently cultivated are the Oriental poppy (P. orientale), usually bearing a large scarlet flower with a purplish black base, and the corn poppy (P. rhoeas) and its variety, the Shirley poppy. Other well-known species include the arctic Iceland poppy (P. nudicaule), the celandine poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum) of North America, and the cream cups (Platystemon californica) and California poppy, or eschscholtzia (Eschscholtzia californica), of the W United States (the latter is the state flower of California).

The Old World greater celandine (Chelidonium majus), also called swallowwart or wartweed, was formerly believed efficacious in removing warts and in restoring failing eyesight. (The lesser celandine is an unrelated plant of the buttercup family.) The orange-red sap of the bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis), an early spring wildflower of E North America, was used by Native Americans as a dye and skin stain. This and many other members of the family are employed for various medicinal purposes.

Economically, the most important plant in the family is the opium poppy (P. somniferum), now widely cultivated from Europe to East Asia. The milky sap of its unripe seed pods is the source of opium and several other similar drugs, e.g., morphine, codeine, and heroin. Poppyseed, also called maw seed, is not narcotic; used as birdseed and for a flavoring or garnish in baking, it is also ground for flour. Poppy oil, derived from the seeds, is employed in cooking and illumination and in paints, varnishes, and soaps.

The poppy has been the symbol of the dead and of sleep since antiquity. The poppies of “Flanders fields” are celebrated in a poem by John McCrae and are the Memorial Day or Armistice Day (Veterans' Day in the United States) emblem of World War veterans. Poppies are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Papaverales, family Papaveraceae.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Eschscholtzia

 

a genus of annual or perennial herbs of the family Papaveraceae. The stems and the ternately dissected leaves are bluish green. The solitary flowers are on long peduncles and have a yellow or reddish orange corolla. There are from eight to ten species (or more than 120 subspecies), distributed in the dry western regions of North America, primarily in California. The California poppy (E. californica), an annual ornamental, has many forms and varieties.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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(2009) CYP719A subfamily of cytochrome P450 oxygenases and isoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis in Eschscholzia californica.
Mas complicado es frenar la expansion de Cardiospermum grandiflorum y Eschscholzia californica, las cuales, en un tiempo relativamente corto, han demostrado una capacidad reproductiva grande, que les ha permitido ocupar una cierta extension territorial e invadir habitats de interes.
Heterozygote advantage might be responsible for maintaining recessive, pink-flower genes in the face of selection in Lupinus nanus (Harding 1970) and for maintaining an orange-yellow corolla color polymorphism in Eschscholzia californica (Fries et al.
Best of the Bunch Californian Poppy ESCHSCHOLZIA californica is the nearly unpronounceable name for one of my favourite hardy annuals - the Californian Poppy.
California poppy (Eschscholzia californica), found in the western U.S.
A wide range of annuals such as calendula (pot marigold), nigella (love-in-amist), eschscholzia (Californian poppy), godetia, clarkia, candytuft and larkspur can all be treated in this manner.
One of Ondra's favorite tips is to wait until midsummer to sow or transplant annual flowers like California Poppies (Eschscholzia californica), Cosmos (Cosmos sulphureus) and Cleome so they will peak in early fall.
Your Flower Beds & Borders free collection will include Lobelia, Alyssum, Aster, Dahlia, Lupin, Eschscholzia, Hollyhock, Antirrhinum and Foxglove.
Other good candidates include self-sown seedlings including Calif ornian poppies (Eschscholzia californica), hellebores, verbena bonariensis and wallflowers.
Other good candidates include selfsown seedlings including Californian poppies (Eschscholzia californica), hellebores, Verbena bonariensis and wallflowers.
Other good candidates are self-sowing seedlings including Californian poppies (Eschscholzia californica), hellebores, Verbena bonariensis and wallflowers.
Offer B - Pots and Tubs: Petunia Confetti, Coleus Flame Dancers, Impatiens Safari, Lobelia String Of Pearls, Marigold Boy O Boy, Nemesia Carnival Offer C - Beds and Borders:Clarkia Choice Double, Alyssum Carpet Of Snow, Aster Colour Carpet, Dahlia Coltness Hybrids, Eschscholzia Single Mixed, Candytuft Fairy MixedOffer DColourful Cut Flowers:Larkspur Giant Imperial, Cornflower Blue Ball, Gypsophila Monarch White, Calendula Pacific Beauty, Nigella Love In A Mist, Chrysanthemum Annual Tricolour Offer EHerb garden collection - Basil Sweet Genovase, Coriander, Dill, Parsley Plain Leaved, Mint, Chives You can buy any two collections for pounds 6.00, or you can buy five sets for a bargain pounds 12.00.