poppy

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Related to Eschscholzia californica: Lupinus perennis

poppy

poppy, common name for some members of the Papaveraceae, a family composed chiefly of herbs of the Northern Hemisphere having a characteristic milky or colored sap. Most species are native to the Old World; many are cultivated in gardens for their brilliantly colored if short-lived blossoms. Many of the species have several varieties and show a wide range of colors, especially in red, yellow, and white shades.

The true poppy genus is Papaver, but many flowers of related genera are also called poppies. The most frequently cultivated are the Oriental poppy (P. orientale), usually bearing a large scarlet flower with a purplish black base, and the corn poppy (P. rhoeas) and its variety, the Shirley poppy. Other well-known species include the arctic Iceland poppy (P. nudicaule), the celandine poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum) of North America, and the cream cups (Platystemon californica) and California poppy, or eschscholtzia (Eschscholtzia californica), of the W United States (the latter is the state flower of California).

The Old World greater celandine (Chelidonium majus), also called swallowwart or wartweed, was formerly believed efficacious in removing warts and in restoring failing eyesight. (The lesser celandine is an unrelated plant of the buttercup family.) The orange-red sap of the bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis), an early spring wildflower of E North America, was used by Native Americans as a dye and skin stain. This and many other members of the family are employed for various medicinal purposes.

Economically, the most important plant in the family is the opium poppy (P. somniferum), now widely cultivated from Europe to East Asia. The milky sap of its unripe seed pods is the source of opium and several other similar drugs, e.g., morphine, codeine, and heroin. Poppyseed, also called maw seed, is not narcotic; used as birdseed and for a flavoring or garnish in baking, it is also ground for flour. Poppy oil, derived from the seeds, is employed in cooking and illumination and in paints, varnishes, and soaps.

The poppy has been the symbol of the dead and of sleep since antiquity. The poppies of “Flanders fields” are celebrated in a poem by John McCrae and are the Memorial Day or Armistice Day (Veterans' Day in the United States) emblem of World War veterans. Poppies are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Papaverales, family Papaveraceae.

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poppy

poppy

Poppies contain both morphine and codeine, which are pain-relieving drugs that are still used today. They come in all colors, with 4-6 petals. Many contain opiates, so they make you feel peaceful. Ancient doctors had their patients eat poppy seeds to relieve pain. The seeds contain the most medicinal properties. Poppy is used for pain, insomnia, nervousness, and chronic coughs. Don’t use if you’re being tested for drugs, as it can cause you to test positive.(This includes poppy seeds used in baked goods!)
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz

poppy

[′päp·ē]
(botany)
Any of various ornamental herbs of the genus Papaver, family Papaveraceae, with large, showy flowers; opium is obtained from the fruits of the opium poppy (P. somniferum).
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

poppyhead, poppy

poppyhead
An ornament generally used for the finials of pew ends and similar pieces of church furniture.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

poppy

of Greece. [Flower Symbolism: WB, 7: 264]

poppy

symbol of consolation. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 176; Kunz, 329]
See: Grief

poppy

attribute of Hypnos, Greek god of sleep. [Art: Hall, 250]
See: Sleep
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

poppy

1. any of numerous papaveraceous plants of the temperate genus Papaver, having red, orange, or white flowers and a milky sap: see corn poppy, Iceland poppy, opium poppy
2. any of several similar or related plants, such as the California poppy, prickly poppy, horned poppy, and Welsh poppy
3. Obsolete any of the drugs, such as opium, that are obtained from these plants
4. a strong red to reddish-orange colour
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(2009) CYP719A subfamily of cytochrome P450 oxygenases and isoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis in Eschscholzia californica. Plant Cell Rep.
Segun los criterios seguidos, de las 35 especies aqui recogidas, creemos que 22 de ellas presentan un claro comportamiento invasor en las islas: Acacia farnesiana, Agave americana, Ageratina adenophora, Ageratina riparia, Albizia distachya, Anredera cordifolia, Arundo donax, Cardiospermum grandiflorum, Centranthus ruber, Chasmanthe aethiopica, Cytisis scoparius, Eschscholzia californica, Nicotiana, glauca, Opuntia dillenii, Opuntia maxima, Pennisetum setaceum, Phoenix dactylifera, Ricinus communis, Spartium junceum, Tradescantia fluminensis, Tropaeolum majus y Ulex europaeus.
Heterozygote advantage might be responsible for maintaining recessive, pink-flower genes in the face of selection in Lupinus nanus (Harding 1970) and for maintaining an orange-yellow corolla color polymorphism in Eschscholzia californica (Fries et al.
Population regulation of Eschscholzia californica by competition and edaphic conditions.
Other good candidates are self-sowing seedlings including Californian poppies (Eschscholzia californica), hellebores, Verbena bonariensis and wallflowers.
THE scarlet oriental poppy with a splash of black at its throat remains among the loveliest of herbaceous border perennials while many of the annuals, like the red Flanders Poppy and orange Californian Gold Poppy (Eschscholzia californica) are even more brilliant, self-seeding in the most unfertile, but always well drained, corner.
Suitable seeds: Adonis, Anchusa, Centaurea (cornflower/sweet sultan), Clarkia, Convolvulus, Delphinium consolida (larkspur), Echium, Eschscholzia californica (Californian poppy) Godetia, Helianthus (sunflower), Helichrysum (everlastings), Lavataera trimestris (annual mallow), Linaria (toadflax), Linum (flax), Malcomia maritima (Virginian stock), Nemophila insignis (baby blue eyes), Nigella (Love-in-a-mist), Papaver (poppy), Heseda odorata (mignonette).California poppy (Eschscholzia), main picture, is one of dozens of hardy annuals that add colour at little costTENAX Rapitest have produced a tough, tear resistant polypropylene "skip bag" which is ideal for collecting hedge clippings or leaves and transporting them to the compost heap.
I have to admit Alonsoa warscewiczii and Eschscholzia californica are not exactly user- friendly.
The quintessential Western wildflower, California poppy (Eschscholzia californica) heralds spring in a blaze of brilliant orange.
* Californian poppies, which are Eschscholzia californica, annuals with fluted, silky cups in shades of orange and white on 30cm (12in) stems.
Califorian poppies (Eschscholzia californica) are quite simply marvellous, with the flowers ranging from deep orange to yellow.