Escorial


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Escorial

(ĕskôr`ēəl, Span. āskōrēäl`) or

Escurial

(ĕskyo͝or`ēəl), monastery and palace, in New Castile, central Spain, near Madrid. One of the finest edifices in Europe, it was built (1563–84) as the monastery of San Lorenzo del Escorial by Philip IIPhilip II,
1527–98, king of Spain (1556–98), king of Naples and Sicily (1554–98), and, as Philip I, king of Portugal (1580–98). Philip's Reign
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 to commemorate the Spanish victory over the French at Saint-Quentin (1557). The somber and massive pile of blue-grey granite buildings, including monastery, church, royal palace, college, library, and royal Spanish tomb, form a quadrangle with towers rising from the corners. The Escorial was begun by the architect Juan Bautista de Toledo and finished by his pupil Juan de Herrera; it was decorated by Claudio CoelloCoello, Claudio
, c.1642–1693, Spanish baroque painter. As court painter to Charles II he decorated many churches and public buildings of Madrid. His most famous work is the monumental altarpiece for the sacristy of the Escorial, filled with portraits and allegorical figures.
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, Luca GiordanoGiordano, Luca
, 1632–1705, Italian decorative painter, b. Naples. He was the pupil of Ribera and Pietro da Cortona. He imitated the works of the great masters with amazing speed and facility and ultimately based his style upon those of Veronese and Cortona.
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, and other noted artists. The Escorial has an art collection that includes paintings by VelázquezVelázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
, 1599–1660, b. Seville. He was the most celebrated painter of the Spanish school. Early Life and Work
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, RiberaRibera, Jusepe, José, or Giuseppe
, c.1590–1652, Spanish baroque painter. He studied in Valencia and Rome but at an early age settled in Naples, then a Spanish possession.
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, El GrecoGreco, El
, c.1541–1614, Greek painter in Spain, b. Candia (Iráklion), Crete. His real name was Domenicos Theotocopoulos, of which several Italian and Spanish versions are current.
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, and TintorettoTintoretto
, 1518–94, Venetian painter, whose real name was Jacopo Robusti. Tintoretto is considered one of the greatest painters in the Venetian tradition. He was called Il Tintoretto [little dyer] from his father's trade.
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.

Bibliography

See study by H. Kamen (2010).

Escorial

A palace of the kings of Spain, built by Philip II in the 16th cent. near Madrid.

Escorial

former monastery in central Spain; mausoleum of Spanish sovereigns. [Span. Hist.: NCE, 890]

Escorial

, Escurial
a village in central Spain, northwest of Madrid: site of an architectural complex containing a monastery, palace, and college, built by Philip II between 1563 and 1584
References in periodicals archive ?
Major organization : JUNTA DE GOBIERNO DEL AYUNTAMIENTO DEL REAL SITIO DE SAN LORENZO DE EL ESCORIAL
El monasterio es lo primero que viene a la mente al evocar El Escorial. Su diseno de Juan de Herrera emulando a una parrilla, en honor de San Lorenzo (que fue martirizado al fuego), sigue imponente gracias a su piedra caliza, sus proporciones perfectas ...
The El Escorial World Federation of Neurology criteria for the diagnosis of ALS address how to treat the most common symptoms of ALS that occur as the disease progresses.
(3) Dentro de la linea historicista, El Escorial suponia el recuerdo de la Espana Imperial, materializada en un edificio que constituia a la vez, un alarde de perfeccion tecnica y el simbolo supremo del glorioso imperio de Felipe II, que el Franquismo perseguia emular.
El Escorial Library, located in central Spain in San Lorenzo de El Escorial near Madrid, houses more than 4,700 manuscripts in numerous languages and 40,000 printed books.
According to revised E1 Escorial criteria the combination of upper and lower motor neuron disease with cerebellar ataxia fits specific form of ALS plus syndrome.
Frecuentemente se destaca la intima relacion establecida entre el mensaje estetico y politico de los jovenes escritores del llamado "Grupo Escorial" y la lectura heroica e imperialista propuesta por el ideario de Falange, inmediatamente asumida por el franquismo mas temprano.
La segunda localidad se halla en el alto de El Escorial con coordenadas 7[grados] 20' Norte, 72[grados]38' Oeste, ubicada a 2900 y 2980 m, es un bosque secundario con variedad de especies, alta humedad y presencia de un sotobosque denso.
Particular highlights of last week's tour to Madrid were a superb concert at Iglesia de San Manuel y San Benito with two standing ovations, visits to Prado Art Gallery, Parque Retiro, and Real Madrid's Bernabeu Stadium and performances at Madrid Cathedral and the world-famous El Escorial.
SPAIN King Juan Carlos and Crown Prince Felipe, right, attend a military ceremony in San Lorenzo de El Escorial. Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy is holding an emergency cabinet meeting to draft the legal process to allow King Juan Carlos to abdicate and be replaced by his son, Crown Prince Felipe CUBA Yusanelis Moras dresses as the orisha Saint Oya in Havana during a performance by Obini Bata, the first all-female orchestra to break into the traditionally male Cuban bata percussion scene FRANCE Giant portraits by street artist and photographer JR decorate the Pantheon in Paris, the final resting place for 72 of France''s renowned men, and just one woman, during the monument's two-year renovation
The opening of Famous Dave's at Plaza Escorial in Carolina a year ago won the award for record opening week sales for the chain, he said.
Ainda jovem, viveu nos arredores do El Escorial e acompanhou de perto a construcao desse monasterio durante o oficio desempenhado por Juan Cabrera, seu pai.