Esdraelon


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Esdraelon

(ĕs'drəē`lən) [Gr. for JezreelJezreel
[Heb.,=God sows]. 1 City, ancient Palestine, in the plain of Esdraelon, halfway from Megiddo to the Jordan, and mentioned in the Bible. Situated on land allotted to Issachar's tribe, Jezreel was a residence (9th cent. B.C.
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], fertile plain, c.200 sq mi (520 sq km), extending southeast c.25 mi (40 km) between the coastal plain, near Mt. Carmel, and the Jordan River valley, N Israel; separates the hills of Galilee on the north from those of Samaria to the south. The plain is drained in the west by the Kishon River and in the east by the Harod. Once a swampy, malarial lowland, Esdraelon has been drained and turned into one of Israel's most fertile and densely populated regions. A great variety of crops are produced there in abundance. Since ancient times the plain has been a battleground, especially around MegiddoMegiddo
, city, ancient Palestine, by the Kishon River on the southern edge of the plain of Esdraelon, N of Samaria, located at present-day Tel Megiddo, SE of Haifa, Israel, near modern Megiddo. It was inhabited from the 7th millennium B.C. to c.450 B.C.
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. Esdraelon is also called the plain of Jezreel or of Megiddo.

Esdraelon

a plain in N Israel, east of Mount Carmel
References in periodicals archive ?
Two new plans of division were suggested: one of them stipulated the inclusion of Galilee under mandate and it also presented a Jewish state dimensionally reduced as that of Peel Commission, while the second plan went on the same idea of diminishing the territory of the future Jewish state to the territory between the coast region Zikhron Yaaqov and Rehovoth, while the North of Palestine and the field region between Esdraelon and Jezreel together with the semi-arid regions from the South of Palestine were to be placed under another mandate.
At the time of the unveiling of the Desert Mounted Corps Memorial in Canberra on 19 April 1968 (5), Abbott's prime memory was of the 12th Light Horse out on the Esdraelon Plain just after the breakthrough of September 19th:
Disappointed at the lack of British military action in the region, he developed a plan for a quick assault on Palestine, consisting of a landing in Haifa Bay, the seizure of the Mount Carmel ridges and the Valley of Esdraelon, to be followed by a swift attack on Jerusalem.
A cult site was also found in Iron Age Tacanach, a city five miles southeast of Megiddo on the Plain of Esdraelon.
Land purchases in support of expanded settlements should be confined to the Esdraelon, Jezreel, and upper Jordan valleys since Palestine's coastal plain was already showing signs of over-development.