Esdras


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Related to Esdras: Maccabees, 2 Esdras, Apocrypha, Tobit

Esdras

(ĕz`drəs) [Gr. from Heb. EzraEzra,
in the Bible. 1 Central figure of the book of Ezra. 2 Priest who returned with Zerubbabel.
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], name of several books found in the Old Testament ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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 and PseudepigraphaPseudepigrapha
[Gr.,=things falsely ascribed], a collection of early Jewish and some Jewish-Christian writings composed between c.200 B.C. and c.A.D. 200, not found in the Bible or rabbinic writings.
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. The New Revised Standard Version (following the Authorized Version) maintains the titles Ezra and Nehemiah for the books to which the VulgateVulgate
[Lat. Vulgata editio=common edition], most ancient extant version of the whole Christian Bible. Its name derives from a 13th-century reference to it as the "editio vulgata." The official Latin version of the Roman Catholic Church, it was prepared c.A.D.
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 gives the titles First and Second Esdras respectively. The Septuagint gives the title Second Esdras to a work in which both books are combined. In the Hebrew Bible, Ezra and Nehemiah are also a combined work. The New Revised Standard Version's and Septuagint's First Esdras compile the whole of Ezra, sections of Second Chronicles and Nehemiah, and a story about Darius the Persian's bodyguards. In the Vulgate this work is entitled Third Esdras. The work known as Second Esdras in the Apocrypha of the Authorized Version and New Revised Standard Version is given the title Fourth Esdras (=Fourth Ezra) in the Vulgate. Part of this work is a Jewish apocalypse extant in Latin; other parts are Christian additions. Many consider it the most theologically perceptive of the Jewish apocalypses. The original language was probably Hebrew or Aramaic, from which a Greek translation was made; however, none of these versions exist. The work, which most critics date after A.D. 100, is a response to the destruction (A.D. 70) of Jerusalem. See ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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; J. M. Myers, I and II Esdras (1974); J. H. Charlesworth, ed., Old Testament Pseudepigrapha (Vol. I, 1983); M. Stone, Fourth Ezra (1990).
References in periodicals archive ?
There is no plan B, there isn't even a plan A," Daniel Esdras said, referring to the impact of possible border closures in Greece.
In the fifth chapter, Fried discusses 4th Ezra (2nd Esdras 3-14, also known as the Ezra Apocalypse).
La liste des signataires de la seconde mouture du Programme de restauration sociale de l'ESP se compose aussi de plusieurs representants de la jeunesse nationaliste de l'epoque qui gravite autour de l'Action francaise : Esdras Minville, Philippe Hamel, V.
Alastair Hamilton offers some clues about this in his treatment of the reception history of 2 Esdras among the Anabaptists.
This constitutes the central portion (chapters 3-14) of the book of 2 Esdras in the Apocrypha of the Bible (Esdras is the Greek equivalent of Ezra).
Let us add that the translator of the Latvian Bible, Johann Ernst Gluck, had continued his studies under the orientalist Esdras Edzardus in Hamburg (Gluck and Polanska 2005:12-13).
The program's laser-like focus on high academic performance, English language fluency, and computer skills is opening doors for participants like fourteen-year-old Esdras Nehemias Lopez.
4 Esdras 6:42, for instance, suggests that there is six times as much land in the world as water, while Ezekiel 5:5 places Jerusalem at the centre of the world, with all the other lands encircling it.
Monseigneur Francois-Xavier Ross, fondateur du diocese de Gaspe, lui-meme gaspesien d'origine, ainsi que le fondateur des Hautes etudes commerciales de Montreal (HEC) et celebre fils de Grande-Vallee, Esdras Minville.
Thus humanists were not unaware after 1492 that the boundaries of their world had expanded beyond those imagined in the time of Christ; and since fitting human events into the structure of Christian providence was a method which continued to enjoy ample play in Renaissance historiography, they were obliged to explain the significance of the Indians within that scheme, some humanists, for example, arguing that the Indians were descended from tribes mentioned in the book of Esdras.
It was a provision of the law that no one among the people of God might demand usury from his neighbor, for which reason this kind of command protected against the eagerness of avarice and a spirit, favoring a lawyer's, which was demanding the necessities of one's neighbors without any respect to their advantage because they were devoid of faith and the love of God (even in this matter the majority were delinquent just as one may see in Ezekiel 18-22 and Nehemiah [5], which is 2 Esdras chapter 5).
Son principal animateur est un laique, Esdras Minville, penseur social, economiste de l'ecole des Hautes etudes commerciales.