Esdras


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Related to Esdras: Maccabees, 2 Esdras, Apocrypha, Tobit

Esdras

(ĕz`drəs) [Gr. from Heb. EzraEzra,
in the Bible. 1 Central figure of the book of Ezra. 2 Priest who returned with Zerubbabel.
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], name of several books found in the Old Testament ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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 and PseudepigraphaPseudepigrapha
[Gr.,=things falsely ascribed], a collection of early Jewish and some Jewish-Christian writings composed between c.200 B.C. and c.A.D. 200, not found in the Bible or rabbinic writings.
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. The New Revised Standard Version (following the Authorized Version) maintains the titles Ezra and Nehemiah for the books to which the VulgateVulgate
[Lat. Vulgata editio=common edition], most ancient extant version of the whole Christian Bible. Its name derives from a 13th-century reference to it as the "editio vulgata." The official Latin version of the Roman Catholic Church, it was prepared c.A.D.
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 gives the titles First and Second Esdras respectively. The Septuagint gives the title Second Esdras to a work in which both books are combined. In the Hebrew Bible, Ezra and Nehemiah are also a combined work. The New Revised Standard Version's and Septuagint's First Esdras compile the whole of Ezra, sections of Second Chronicles and Nehemiah, and a story about Darius the Persian's bodyguards. In the Vulgate this work is entitled Third Esdras. The work known as Second Esdras in the Apocrypha of the Authorized Version and New Revised Standard Version is given the title Fourth Esdras (=Fourth Ezra) in the Vulgate. Part of this work is a Jewish apocalypse extant in Latin; other parts are Christian additions. Many consider it the most theologically perceptive of the Jewish apocalypses. The original language was probably Hebrew or Aramaic, from which a Greek translation was made; however, none of these versions exist. The work, which most critics date after A.D. 100, is a response to the destruction (A.D. 70) of Jerusalem. See ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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; J. M. Myers, I and II Esdras (1974); J. H. Charlesworth, ed., Old Testament Pseudepigrapha (Vol. I, 1983); M. Stone, Fourth Ezra (1990).
References in periodicals archive ?
Now is the time to empower and prepare brave young people like Victor, Esdras, Andreia, and Gabriela to make their mark on their countries and the world.
(16) Although Jerome rejected 3 and 4 Esdras as uncanonical, both were included in manuscripts of the Latin Bible throughout the Middle Ages.
Esdras Minville, economiste et sociologue, appartenant a l'elite catholique canadienne-francaise de la premiere moitie du XXe siecle, met la colonisation au coeur de sa reflexion pour doter le Canada francais d'un vaste << programme de restauration >> economique, sociale et nationale.
Esdras Minville (1896-1975) et le traditionalisme canadienfrancais.
Thus humanists were not unaware after 1492 that the boundaries of their world had expanded beyond those imagined in the time of Christ; and since fitting human events into the structure of Christian providence was a method which continued to enjoy ample play in Renaissance historiography, they were obliged to explain the significance of the Indians within that scheme, some humanists, for example, arguing that the Indians were descended from tribes mentioned in the book of Esdras. The Turks, by contrast, were less new; they had been discussed, however haltingly, since at least the eleventh century in Western Europe.
The Apocryphal books of Enoch, 2 Esdras, Genesis Aprocryphon and Jasher support the Genesis story, adding that the sin of the angels grew to include genetic modification of animals as well as humans.
Son principal animateur est un laique, Esdras Minville, penseur social, economiste de l'ecole des Hautes etudes commerciales.