Esdras


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Related to Esdras: Maccabees, 2 Esdras, Apocrypha, Tobit

Esdras

(ĕz`drəs) [Gr. from Heb. EzraEzra,
in the Bible. 1 Central figure of the book of Ezra. 2 Priest who returned with Zerubbabel.
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], name of several books found in the Old Testament ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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 and PseudepigraphaPseudepigrapha
[Gr.,=things falsely ascribed], a collection of early Jewish and some Jewish-Christian writings composed between c.200 B.C. and c.A.D. 200, not found in the Bible or rabbinic writings.
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. The New Revised Standard Version (following the Authorized Version) maintains the titles Ezra and Nehemiah for the books to which the VulgateVulgate
[Lat. Vulgata editio=common edition], most ancient extant version of the whole Christian Bible. Its name derives from a 13th-century reference to it as the "editio vulgata." The official Latin version of the Roman Catholic Church, it was prepared c.A.D.
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 gives the titles First and Second Esdras respectively. The Septuagint gives the title Second Esdras to a work in which both books are combined. In the Hebrew Bible, Ezra and Nehemiah are also a combined work. The New Revised Standard Version's and Septuagint's First Esdras compile the whole of Ezra, sections of Second Chronicles and Nehemiah, and a story about Darius the Persian's bodyguards. In the Vulgate this work is entitled Third Esdras. The work known as Second Esdras in the Apocrypha of the Authorized Version and New Revised Standard Version is given the title Fourth Esdras (=Fourth Ezra) in the Vulgate. Part of this work is a Jewish apocalypse extant in Latin; other parts are Christian additions. Many consider it the most theologically perceptive of the Jewish apocalypses. The original language was probably Hebrew or Aramaic, from which a Greek translation was made; however, none of these versions exist. The work, which most critics date after A.D. 100, is a response to the destruction (A.D. 70) of Jerusalem. See ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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; J. M. Myers, I and II Esdras (1974); J. H. Charlesworth, ed., Old Testament Pseudepigrapha (Vol. I, 1983); M. Stone, Fourth Ezra (1990).
References in periodicals archive ?
El Esdras de la historia no resulta util para este trabajo, pues el foco recae en como ambos textos--pertenecientes al mismo canon, leidos en forma paralela o conjunta para una misma audiencia--ayudan a los lectores a elaborar un pensamiento sobre la identidad de Israel, especialmente en torno de dos ejes: el acceso a la tierra "prometida" y a los parametros con los cuales es posible reimaginar o reinventar una sociedad en contexto colonial.
What is Frontex going to do," Esdras of the IOM asks, "other than drown them?
Moving on from Ezra-Nehemiah, Fried discusses the ongoing traditions about Ezra in 1st Esdras and then 4th, 5th, and 6th Ezra.
Water, on the other hand, had to demonstrate its existence, if only because 2 Esdras, one of the apocryphal biblical texts, said that the earth was six parts land and only one part water, presumably because God had rested on the seventh day.
Costa BC, Alberto BLA, Portela AM, Maduro W, Esdras OE (2013) Fraud detection in electric power distribution networks using an annbased knowledge-discovery process.
E esto se escribio en este salmo y, asi, este salmo es visto ser hecho de David y non de Esdras.
Tambien para nosotros son validas las palabras que el sacerdote Esdras dirige al pueblo de Israel que se habia desanimado un poco tras el destierro: la alegria en el Senor es nuestra fortaleza (Neh 8,10).
El pastor Esdras Alonso Gonzalez, de la organizacion Ejercito de Dios, advirtio en esa ocasion que los cristianos evangelicos iniciarian una resistencia civil en todo el Estado: "Vamos a defender las radios; por eso hacemos un llamado a los gobiernos federal y estatal a que cesen esos operativos, porque de lo contrario se puede violentar la region" (Custodio, 2008).
Ademas, afirma que Dios valora la labor de los predicadores tanto como valoran los principes de lugares lejanos los trabajos de aquellos maestros capaces de construir hermosos palacios para ellos, y los compara con los canteros que trabajando bajo la direccion de Esdras lograron levantar de nuevo el templo de Dios (42).
Si bien el objetivo es analizar las fuentes clasicas, no por ello hemos dejado de lado las fuentes del Cercano Oriente que tambien hacen referencias a los Aquemenidas como "las Inscripciones Reales Aquemenidas", las tablillas y los esplendidos relieves de Persepolis, el cilindro babilonico de Ciro el Grande, la Biblia (los libros de Isaias, de Ezequiel, de Daniel, de Nehemias, de Esdras, de Ester, que nos proporcionan informacion sobre el dominio persa de Judea) o el Avesta, libro sagrado de la religion de Zaratustra.
The student research team with Jessica Bruck, Clark Colby, Noelie Daviau, Ryan Everly, Mike Garcia, Nick Hulstrom, Suncica Jasarovic Isabelle Leysens, Esdras Murillo, , and Dana Sorensen installed and maintained sensors and wires.