Eshnunna


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Eshnunna

 

(also Ashnunnak; now the archaeological site of Tell Asmar, Iraq), an ancient city-state in Mesopotamia.

Eshnunna arose not later than the third millennium B.C. In the 21st century B.C. it belonged to the powerful Sumerian-Akkadian kingdom, ruled by the Third Dynasty of Ur. From the 20th century B.C. to the early 18th century B.C. it was the center of an autonomous state. The city was subsequently conquered by Hammurabi and then by the Kassites, who called it Tupliash. The last mention of the city in cuneiform documents dates from the sixth century B.C.

A text of laws of Eshnunna, written in Acadian and dating from the 19th century B.C, was found by Iraqi archaeologists in 1945 in Tall Abu Harmal. The text is kept in the Iraqi Museum in Baghdad; a Russian translation, edited by I. M. D’iakonov, was published in Vestnik drevnei istorii (1952, no. 3). Excavations of Eshnunna were conducted from 1930 to 1936 by an American expedition led by H. Frankfort and T. Jacobsen. The expedition uncovered temples, the palace of King Naramsin of Eshnunna, a sewerage system, and various dwellings. Sculptures and seals were also found.

References in periodicals archive ?
4 So already in both editions of my Laws of Eshnunna (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1969; Leiden: Brill, 1988).
35, IM 52976, 52980); "Supur-Samas was [destroyed]" is also mentioned in the year name of the Code of Eshnunna, AASOR 31, 22.
With respect to Text 13, the reviewer still considers it more likely that this text is in honor of Naram-Sin of Eshnunna, because of the difficulties noted by W.
We do not know how this principle actually worked, just as we do not know how the penalties in article 59 of the Laws of Eshnunna and article 137 of the Code of Hammurabi were carried out.
On ajoutera a la bibliographic citee, l'etude de Wu Yuhong, A Political History of Eshnunna, Mari and Assyria during the Early Old Babylonian Period (Changchun, 1994), 2-11, et sa note dans NABU 1992/102, qui traitent notamment du probleme de la presence du determinatif divin devant le nom de ce prince.
The Laws of Eshnunna, AASOR 31 (New Haven: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1956).
Waltke thinks the Code of Eshnunna was "the earliest extant legal source" (vol.
For Eshnunna, the inscriptional evidence provided by a macehead, now BM 128410, is questionable, since neither "palace" nor "Eshnunna" can be confirmed as established readings in that text (the remark about the title "Konig von Esnunna," p.
Having oracles from Eshnunna, from the archives of the Assyrian kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal, as well as miscellaneous cuneiform sources including the El Amarna letters, ration lists, omen texts, and even a small section of the Egyptian text of the travels of Wenamon broadens the field and suggests the range of possibilities for exploring the role and the words of ancient prophets.
Reichel, using the excavated sample of sealings (on doors and containers) from Eshnunna, from the Ur III to the early OB period, traces changes in seal design over time.
65-76), comparing various LH passages to those of the Laws of Eshnunna and to Sumerian antecedents, argues that those who drafted LH often consciously blended or modified laws that were available to them.
Political Changes and Cultural Continuity in the Palace of the Rulers at Eshnunna (Tell Asmar) from the Ur III Period to the Isin-Larsa Period (c.