Eskimo art

Eskimo art.

The art of the EskimoEskimo
, a general term used to refer to a number of groups inhabiting the coastline from the Bering Sea to Greenland and the Chukchi Peninsula in NE Siberia. A number of distinct groups, based on differences in patterns of resource exploitation, are commonly identified,
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 peoples arose some 2,000 years ago in the Bering Sea area and in Canada. Traditional art consisted of small utilitarian objects, such as weapons and tools, as well as diminutive animals, carved and incised in walrus ivory, bone, and stone. The subjects of Eskimo art reflected their lives as hunters and fishermen, as well as their extensive mythology. Carved and painted wooden masks of the 19th cent. were used in various rituals. Modern Eskimo art dates from the late 1940s, when Canadians encouraged the development of art by native artisans working in traditional modes. Contemporary Eskimo art consists mainly of carved figures in smooth soapstone, ivory, and rough-surfaced whalebone, and lithographs printed with local stone that simplify and abstract the forms of the Eskimo hunters and their quarry.
References in periodicals archive ?
Power purchased the entire output for $15,000 and formed Eskimo Art Inc.
In 1961, the Inuit Art Section, a division of Northern Affairs, sponsored the Canadian Eskimo Arts Council (CEAC) as an advisory board of professional artists and museum personnel to oversee development and promotion of Inuit printmaking, first introduced by Houston at Cape Dorset in 1959.
The Eagle, the Jaguar, and the Serpent (1954), an illustrated history of Indian and Eskimo art in North America, was followed by Indian Art of Mexico and Central America (1957), also lavishly illustrated.
Adding to the street's variety are the Gallery of Eskimo Art (2665); Lakota (2814), showing Native American and Southwestern subjects; Schwartz Cierlak (3015) and Boritzerl Gray (31 10), with emerging California artists; and Sports and Entertainment (245, just inside Venice), whose name refers to its artists and subject matter.
Photo: Eskimo art inspired Lillian Elliot's and Pat Hickman's gut, reed, and wood baskets at Miller-Brown Gallery
The Baranof Indian and Eskimo art shop (just across from the church) had a good selection of native art when we were there.
As you head back into town, it's a short walk up the driveway to Sheldon Jackson Museum, a fine private collection of Indian and Eskimo art and artifacts purchased by the state this past winter; the masks are especially impressive.
Through the instigation of Cape Dorset artists, the Canadian Eskimo Arts Council was established.
The Canadian Eskimo Arts Council (CEAC) was in effect an advisory committee.
The negative side of the Canadian Eskimo Arts Council was its clear bias toward Cape Dorset work at the expense of other styles.