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Eskişehir(ĕskē`shĕhēr'), city (1990 pop. 413,305), capital of Eskişehir prov., W central Turkey. An important industrial center, its manufactures include refined sugar, cement, railroad equipment, textiles, chemicals, and meerschaum products. It is noted for its hot mineral springs. Godfrey of Bouillon defeated the Seljuk Turks there in 1097. The city's modern development dates from the coming of the railroad (1894). Eskişehir is on or near the site of ancient DorylaeumDorylaeum
, ancient city of N Phrygia, Asia Minor, now in NW Turkey. It was an important trading city of the Romans but later fell to ruins. At this site on July 1, 1097, the Christians of the First Crusade defeated the Seljuk Turks.
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a city in western Turkey, on the Porsuk River. Capital of Eskişehir Vilayet. Population, 258,000 (1975). Eskişehir is an important highway and railroad junction and a major industrial center. Leading industries are machine building (with plants producing aircraft, railroad cars, and locomotives) and food processing, including sugar refining. The city also has textile, cement, and wood-products industries. Chromium ore and sepiolite (meerschaum) are mined in the vicinity of Eskişehir.