cardia

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Related to Esophageal sphincter: esophageal peristalsis

cardia

[′kärd·ē·ə]
(anatomy)
The orifice where the esophagus enters the stomach.
The large, blind diverticulum of the stomach adjoining the orifice.
(invertebrate zoology)
Anterior enlargement of the ventriculus in some insects.
References in periodicals archive ?
The vestibule is a normal anatomic component of the lower esophageal sphincter and is bordered superiorly by a muscular A ring and inferiorly by a mucosal B ring at the squamocolumnar junction (Z-line) (Figure 2).
Vasoactive intestinal peptide and platelet-activating factor, 2 eosinophil secretory products, have been shown to cause lower esophageal sphincter relaxation.
Manometric findings of the upper esophageal sphincter in esophageal achalasia.
It is unclear if the pathophysiology of GERD in patients with Rett syndrome can simply be explained through transient relaxations of the lower esophageal sphincter (TLESRs).
For example, smoking causes the lower esophageal sphincter to relax, allowing stomach contents to wash back up into the esophagus and trigger GERD symptoms.
3-5) Esophageal HGMP, also known as cervical inlet patch (CIP), is usually located just distal to the upper esophageal sphincter.
Acid reflux is not necessarily caused by too much acid, but by a malfunctioning valve between the stomach and esophagus called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES).
The Enteryx procedure, which takes less than 30 minutes to perform, involves injecting a liquid compound into the lower esophageal sphincter during an endoscopy.
Aerobic activity also decreases lower esophageal sphincter pressure, increasing risk of erosive esophagitis.
Situated at the junction of the esophagus and the stomach, the lower esophageal sphincter valve stays closed most of the time and only opens up to let food pass down.
The lower esophageal sphincter, a valve located between the esophagus and the stomach, will normally open after swallowing to allow food into the stomach.
When the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is weakened or relaxes too frequently, acid can flow back into the esophagus.