Serra do Espinhaço

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Espinhaço, Serra do


a system of residual ridges on the Brazilian Highlands in Brazil, from 15° to 21° S lat., on the right bank of the upper course of the São Francisco River. The system’s highest elevation, Pico do Sol, rises to 2,107 m. The Serra do Espinhaço consists of outcrops of dense metamorphic rocks, primarily quartzites, in the fold system of the western edge of the Atlantic Shield. Variably humid tropical forests grow on the slopes. In the south, at Itabira, there is a large iron-ore deposit. Manganese, diamonds, and gold are also mined in the area.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.