Espíritu Santo

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Espíritu Santo

(ĕspē`rēto͞o sän`tō) or

Santo,

volcanic island, 1,485 sq mi (3,846 sq km), South Pacific, largest and westernmost island of VanuatuVanuatu
, formerly New Hebrides
, officially Republic of Vanuatu, independent republic (2009 pop. 243,304), c.5,700 sq mi (14,760 sq km), South Pacific, E of Australia.
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 (formerly New Hebrides). Generally mountainous and fertile, the island produces copra, coffee, and cocoa. Its indigenous population is mainly Melanesian. Espiritu Santo was explored in 1606 by the Portuguese navigator Pedro Fernandez de Queiros. It was the site of a large U.S. air base during World War II. In 1980, shortly before Vanuatu was to become independent from France and Britain, residents of the island staged an armed revolt to secede from the other islands. The rebellion was quickly put down with the help of troops from Britain and Papua New Guinea.

Espíritu Santo

 

an island in the Pacific Ocean. The largest island in the archipelago of the New Hebrides, Espíritu Santo has an area of 4,800 sq km; its population is approximately 9,000. The island is of volcanic origin and has a maximum elevation of 1,810 m. There are tropical rain forests on Espíritu Santo, and the island has coconut palm, coffee, cacao, and sugarcane plantations.