Betrothal

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Betrothal

 

a ceremony of marriage engagement. Among Russians in the past, the betrothal (variously called pomolvka, zaruchen’e, rukobit’e, and predsvadeb’e) was one of the rituals in the wedding cycle, following the matchmaking and courtship. At the betrothal ceremony, the parents gave their final agreement to the marriage of their children and set the conditions of the marriage. The contract, sometimes in writing, was usually sealed by a symbolic striking on each other’s hands (rukobit’e) between the fathers of the couple. After the betrothal, it was no longer possible to reject the marriage; if one side broke the agreement, it was obliged to compensate for damages—“to pay for dishonor” (zaplatit’za beschest’e).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(45.) Spiritual Espousals, lines b1722-73, page 508.
(46.) Spiritual Espousals, lines b1955-60, pages 534-36.
(47.) Spiritual Espousals, lines b932ff., pages 410ff.
(51.) Spiritual Espousals, lines b1340-74, pages 464-68.
(55.) Spiritual Espousals, lines b1312-36, pages 460-62.
Essentially, when management espoused a change in the state of a schema the schema is classified as revised, while espousal of the inclination to continue the existing state of a schema implies no revision.
This cell contains those schemas [TABULAR DATA FOR FIGURE 2 OMITTED] for which top management espoused a change in the state of a schema and the interpretation by those in the organization is determined to be consistent with the espousal change.
At the outset of the transformation the unit commanding officer espoused that the unit would be staffed by the "best soldiers" and, as reported by unit personnel, he repeatedly took actions that coincided with this espousal. This action represented a shift from the practice of accepting qualified personnel to a practice of actively seeking the best qualified personnel.
Top management declared their desire to continue the existing promotion process and proceeded to promote branch managers and also instituted a hiring and training program for executive trainees to back up their espousal about promotion.