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see EskimoEskimo
, a general term used to refer to a number of groups inhabiting the coastline from the Bering Sea to Greenland and the Chukchi Peninsula in NE Siberia. A number of distinct groups, based on differences in patterns of resource exploitation, are commonly identified,
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Inuit (Eskimo)


In 1976, Joseph Bloom and Richard Gelardin conducted a study of the dreams of the Eskimo (Inuit) people in which a ghost or a spirit appeared. They noted this occurred most often when the dreamer was just falling asleep or just waking up. They were unaware of the widespread occurrence of hallucinating while in a state of semi-arousal and sleep paralysis. They recognized the Inuit experiences as nightmares and linked their sleep paralysis to Arctic hysteria, labeling both as “non-empirical.”

Dreams are an integral part of the Inuit shamanic tradition and are closely associated to the initiatory calling; dreams of dismemberment, death, and rebirth are thought to be a calling to the dreamer to become a shaman. In other instances, they are called, in the dream, by an animal spirit who possesses the dreamer. The dreamer then awakens and proceeds to wander naked through the wilderness, grappling with the spirit for control of the body. Eventually, the dreamer will gain control over the spirit—a victory they mark by the making of a drum—and once again return to their people and start the training as a shaman initiate.


, Innuit
any of several Native peoples of N America or Greenland, as distinguished from those from Asia or the Aleutian Islands (who are still generally referred to as Eskimos); the preferred term for Eskimo in N America
References in periodicals archive ?
lt;<Etude sur l'effort missionnaire de l'Eglise canadienne aupres des Indiens et des Esquimaux du Canada>>, Kerygma, VI, 19 (1972), p.
From the Esquimaux of Boothia Felix [Rae] learned that a party of about forty white men were met on the west coast of King William's Island, and from thence travelled on to the mouth of the Great Fish River, where they all perished of starvation, and that this tragic event occurred apparently in the spring of 1850.
1 (New York: Bounty Books, 1893); and "As Esquimaux Revolt: Children of the North Object to Being Treated as Slaves," Chicago Inter Ocean, March 31, 1893, 7.
Le pere n'a d'ailleurs absolument pas explique sa remarque en lui rappelant qu'ils partent en vacances en voiture le lendemain (tout comme il n'a pas explique sa reference aux esquimaux dans la sequence 3.
If you're game, test the Fonogenic waters with female-fronted indie folk-rock band Esquimaux, or Universal Hall Pass, a one-woman show that sounds like a dreamy Portishead soundscape with Bjork- and Fiona Apple-like vocals.
But, according to statistics and triumphant newspaper reports mentioned by the Duc de Mersch to his interviewer, the "great international society for the preservation of Polar freedom" had "laid down so many miles of railways, used so many engines of British construction" and operated in such a way that in the Arctic regions "[s]o many hundred[s] of English younger sons" and "the Esquimaux .
Back in time, when outsiders knew Inuit only as Eskimos, many variations of the spelling of this word existed, a common one being Esquimaux.
lt;< aux sources des folklores francais, irlandais ou esquimaux (sic), et [font] de cette riche matiere musicale un principe de leur esthetique >> (1964 : 15-16).
Whenever the Irish were mentioned in my presence, an Esquimaux group circling round the fire which was to dress a dinner, or broil an enemy, was the image which presented itself to my mind' (pp.
So little was the condition of the Highlands known at that late period, that the character and appearance of their population, while thus sallying forth as military adventurers, conveyed to the south country Lowlanders as much surprise as if an invasion of African negroes, or Esquimaux Indians, had issued forth from the northern mountains of their own native country.
She would "live with him in the eye of fashion, or in the shade of retirement--change my country, my sex--feast with him in an Esquimaux hut, or a Persian pavilion--join him in the victorious war-dance on the borders of Lake Ontario, or sleep to the soft breathings of the flute in the cinnamon groves of Ceylon--dig with him in the mines of Golconda, or enter the dangerous precincts of the Mogul's Seraglio--cheat him of his wishes, and overturn his empire to restore the Husband of my Heart to the blessings of Liberty and Love" (4.
The Esquimaux [Eskimo] used a long spear in hunting the polar bear.