(redirected from Esquimaux)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.


see EskimoEskimo
, a general term used to refer to a number of groups inhabiting the coastline from the Bering Sea to Greenland and the Chukchi Peninsula in NE Siberia. A number of distinct groups, based on differences in patterns of resource exploitation, are commonly identified,
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

Inuit (Eskimo)


In 1976, Joseph Bloom and Richard Gelardin conducted a study of the dreams of the Eskimo (Inuit) people in which a ghost or a spirit appeared. They noted this occurred most often when the dreamer was just falling asleep or just waking up. They were unaware of the widespread occurrence of hallucinating while in a state of semi-arousal and sleep paralysis. They recognized the Inuit experiences as nightmares and linked their sleep paralysis to Arctic hysteria, labeling both as “non-empirical.”

Dreams are an integral part of the Inuit shamanic tradition and are closely associated to the initiatory calling; dreams of dismemberment, death, and rebirth are thought to be a calling to the dreamer to become a shaman. In other instances, they are called, in the dream, by an animal spirit who possesses the dreamer. The dreamer then awakens and proceeds to wander naked through the wilderness, grappling with the spirit for control of the body. Eventually, the dreamer will gain control over the spirit—a victory they mark by the making of a drum—and once again return to their people and start the training as a shaman initiate.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.


, Innuit
any of several Native peoples of N America or Greenland, as distinguished from those from Asia or the Aleutian Islands (who are still generally referred to as Eskimos); the preferred term for Eskimo in N America
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, his chief task is to refute what Dickens referred to scoffingly as the "Esquimaux kettle-stories," and in Voyage McClintock does this by not acknowledging them at all (HW 245 [1854], 365).
Skiles & Company, and upon fulfillment of their contracts, the Inuit were to receive $100 per family with living and traveling expenses covered by the concession company ("Esquimaux Quit the Village," Chicago Daily Tribune, April 21, 1893, 1).
"The Six Species of Men, with Cuts Representing the Types of Caucasian, Mongol, Malay, Indian, Esquimaux and Negro.
Harrington, a telegraph worker at the Western Union construction camp near Teller, wrote The Esquimaux longhand, binding it with bent pins and releasing it Oct.
The defilement of the formers' individual identities is only a step removed from the debasement of the social body perpetrated by the rituals of the "singular tribe or cult of degenerate Esquimaux" who practiced "a curious form of devil-worship" (Dunwich 135) or of New Orleans' "men of very low, mixed-blooded, and mentally aberrant type"--"negroes and mulattoes, largely of West Indian or Brava Portuguese from the Cape Verde Islands"--who were members of the "blackest African voodoo circles" (Dunwich 139).
from the Esquimaux, Labrador and North Western tribes of Indians, direct from the Indian traders; also beautiful moccasin work from the Conewaga, St.
Then Barnum turns to "communities of Dwarfs and Pigmies" such as Esquimaux, Lapplanders, and African pigmies.
"The Lord has given languages to the unlearned, Greek, Latin, Hebrew, French, German, Italian, Chinese, Japanese, Zulu and languages of Africa, Hindu and Bengali and dialects of India, Chippewa and other languages of the Indians, Esquimaux, the deaf mute language, and, in fact, the Holy Ghost speaks all the languages of the world through his children." (10)
If you're game, test the Fonogenic waters with female-fronted indie folk-rock band Esquimaux, or Universal Hall Pass, a one-woman show that sounds like a dreamy Portishead soundscape with Bjork- and Fiona Apple-like vocals.
This farcical "foreign financier," who was "by way of being a philanthropist on megalomaniac lines," wanted money "to run a railway across Greenland" (45), with the intent of "letting light in upon a dark spot of the earth" (46, 65, 117) with the help of British investors and the support of the British Government, even though some "mistaken persons had insinuated that the Systeme [Groenlandais] was neither more nor less than a corporate exploitation of unhappy Esquimaux" (121, 136-38).