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Essaouira(ĕsəwēr`ə), city, W Morocco, on the Atlantic Ocean. Essaouira's pleasant climate and picturesque location, buildings, and ruins have made it a tourist resort. Fishing and cabinetry and wood carving are also economically important. The modern city was founded in 1760 by Sultan Muhammad ibn-Abdullah. In 1844 the French bombarded the city to force Morocco to stop supporting Abd al-KaderAbd al-Kader
, c.1807–1883, Algerian military and religious leader. Although born to an anti-Turkish family, he was chosen emir of Mascara to fight the French invaders who had just defeated the Turks.
..... Click the link for more information. , leader of an Algerian resistance movement. The city declined when AgadirAgadir
, city (1994 pop. 155,244), SW Morocco, on the Atlantic Ocean. Agadir has metal-processing industries and exports fruit and vegetables. While France was establishing a protectorate in Morocco, the German gunboat Panther
..... Click the link for more information. was opened to foreign trade in the 20th cent. The city is a center of Gnawa music, a religious music traditionally used in healing ceremonies that mixes Berber, Arabic, and African elements. Essaouira was formerly called Mogador.
(formerly Mogador), a city in Morocco. Population, 30,100 (1971). Essaouira is a port on the Atlantic Ocean. Industry is represented by food processing (primarily fish canning), metalworking, and the production of leather goods. Handicrafts include jewelry-making and the production of copper ware. The city exports fish products, olive oil, wool, and cereals. Oil and natural gas deposits are located near Essaouira.