Essen


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Essen

(ĕs`ən), city (1994 pop. 622,380), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany, on the Ruhr River. The major industrial center of the RuhrRuhr
, region, c.1,300 sq mi (3,370 sq km), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany; a principal manufacturing center of Germany. The Ruhr lies along, and north of, the Ruhr River (145 mi/233 km long), which rises in the hills of central Germany and flows generally west to the
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 district, it was the seat of the famous KruppKrupp
, family of German armament manufacturers. The family settled in Essen in the 16th cent. The core of the great Krupp industrial empire was started by Friedrich Krupp, 1787–1826, who built a small steel plant c.1810.
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 steelworks. Essen is a retail trade center, a rail junction, and a steel and electricity producer. Its diversified industrial base includes chemical, glass, textile, and precision-instrument plants. The region's last coal mine closed in 1986 and in recent years there has a move away from heavy industry into the service and technology sectors. Essen grew up around a Benedictine convent (founded in the mid-9th cent.). It was a small imperial state, ruled by the abbess of the convent, from the 13th cent. until 1802, when it passed to Prussia. The city's main industrial growth dates from the second half of the 19th cent. Essen was heavily bombed during World War II, but was rebuilt in modern style after 1945. The city has a number of large parks. There is a noteworthy cathedral (9th–14th cent.).

Essen

 

a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, in the Land (state) of North Rhine-Westphalia. Population, 677,600 (1976). Essen, which lies between the Ruhr River, on the south, and the Rhine-Herne Canal on the north, is situated in the center of the Ruhr Coal Basin.

The city is a major industrial, trade, and financial center of the Federal Republic of Germany. It is a transportation hub with a well-developed network of railroads and highways; a river port as well as a port on the Rhine-Herne Canal, it handled 1.5 million tons of freight in 1975. The postwar years have seen a decline in the coal industry, with the number of persons employed dropping from 54,000 in 1958 to 10,300 in 1975. The metallurgical industry has also declined. The machine-building industry has expanded, especially in the areas of general, heavy, power, electrical engineering, and transportation machine building; there has also been growth in the aluminum industry.

A number of manufacturers’ associations, research centers, and research institutes, such as the Steinkohlenbergbauverein (Institute of Mining Research) and the Mining Institute, are located in Essen.

Essen

a city in W Germany, in North Rhine-Westphalia: the leading administrative centre of the Ruhr; university. Pop.: 589 499 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Brett Williams, president and chief executive officer of Essen, said, "We are excited to become part of Sartorius as a'Center of Excellence' and build an industry--leading cell analytics portfolio together with the IntelliCyt business.
Having achieved strong double-digit growth over the past few years, Essen forecasts sales revenues of around USD60mn in 2017, with continuing robust levels of operating profitability.
In the long-term, the couple intend to go ahead with the plans Von Essen had for the hotel, including the development of a spa and four to five extra bedrooms in outbuildings within the grounds.
5 April 2017 - German biopharmaceutical industry and laboratories equipment provider Sartorius (FWB: SRT) has closed the acquisition of US based cell-based assays and instrumentation provider Essen BioScience Inc., the company said.
von Essen hotels, a hotel spa operator in UK, has launched Spa by von Essen.
The exact value of the deal has not been revealed but Mr Maxfield said he was very happy with the price agreed with Von Essen's chairman Andrew Davis.
"By supporting the construction and the opening of this new Emergency Medical Service Station, Mayor Giuliani has once again demonstrated his commitment to the Fire Department and the communities that we serve," said commissioner Von Essen. "With this new state-of-the-art facility we will, be able to continue serving the citizens effectively and efficiently of this community for many years to come."
The basic design has undergone one or two changes in its transition from the centre of Frankfurt to its site in Essen's Opernplatz more or less opposite Aalto's theatre (AR June 1989).
M2 EQUITYBITES-March 7, 2017-Sartorius acquires Essen Bioscience in USD320mn deal
But the value of papers has not really fallen off the way the numbers would indicate," Owen Van Essen, president of Santa Fe, N.M.- based Dirks, Van Essen & Murray, said during last week's Inland Press Association annual meeting.
M2 EQUITYBITES-March 3, 2017-Sartorius to Acquire Real-Time Live-Cell Analysis Specialist Essen BioScience for USD 320m