Essen

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Essen

(ĕs`ən), city (1994 pop. 622,380), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany, on the Ruhr River. The major industrial center of the RuhrRuhr
, region, c.1,300 sq mi (3,370 sq km), W Germany; a principal manufacturing center of Germany and formerly known as one of the world's greatest industrial complexes. In the 1980s the coal and steel industries declined, leading to serious unemployment.
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 district, it was the seat of the famous KruppKrupp
, family of German armament manufacturers. The family settled in Essen in the 16th cent. The core of the great Krupp industrial empire was started by Friedrich Krupp, 1787–1826, who built a small steel plant c.1810.
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 steelworks. Essen is a retail trade center, a rail junction, and a steel and electricity producer. Its diversified industrial base includes chemical, glass, textile, and precision-instrument plants. The region's last coal mine closed in 1986 and in recent years there has a move away from heavy industry into the service and technology sectors. Essen grew up around a Benedictine convent (founded in the mid-9th cent.). It was a small imperial state, ruled by the abbess of the convent, from the 13th cent. until 1802, when it passed to Prussia. The city's main industrial growth dates from the second half of the 19th cent. Essen was heavily bombed during World War II, but was rebuilt in modern style after 1945. The city has a number of large parks. There is a noteworthy cathedral (9th–14th cent.).

Essen

 

a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, in the Land (state) of North Rhine-Westphalia. Population, 677,600 (1976). Essen, which lies between the Ruhr River, on the south, and the Rhine-Herne Canal on the north, is situated in the center of the Ruhr Coal Basin.

The city is a major industrial, trade, and financial center of the Federal Republic of Germany. It is a transportation hub with a well-developed network of railroads and highways; a river port as well as a port on the Rhine-Herne Canal, it handled 1.5 million tons of freight in 1975. The postwar years have seen a decline in the coal industry, with the number of persons employed dropping from 54,000 in 1958 to 10,300 in 1975. The metallurgical industry has also declined. The machine-building industry has expanded, especially in the areas of general, heavy, power, electrical engineering, and transportation machine building; there has also been growth in the aluminum industry.

A number of manufacturers’ associations, research centers, and research institutes, such as the Steinkohlenbergbauverein (Institute of Mining Research) and the Mining Institute, are located in Essen.

Essen

a city in W Germany, in North Rhine-Westphalia: the leading administrative centre of the Ruhr; university. Pop.: 589 499 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
This month Atlas Copco Construction Tools, Essen, Germany, celebrates the 50th anniversary of the introduction of the hydraulic breaker.
RAG Aktiengesellschaft of Essen, Germany, which holds a 50.
Beginning in the autumn of 2004, Degussa's Goldschmidt RC Silicones group will open an additional pilot plant in Essen, Germany.
Hypothekenbank in Essen AG ("Bank"), Essen, Germany, a foreign bank within the meaning of the International Banking Act ("IBA"), has applied under section 10(a) of the IBA (12 U.
Previously we could offer this only at our Essen, Germany site," he said.
Dopp, University of Duisburg-Essen, University Hospital Essen, Institute of Hygiene and Occupational Medicine, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45122 Essen, Germany.
Sites for his work have included London's British Library and Natural History Museum, the windows of New York's Grand Central Terminal, Union Station in Los Angeles and a coal processing plant in Essen, Germany.
Service for Lingualtechnik GmbH, Bad Essen, Germany, overcame those challenges with its unique approach incorporating custom appliances produced with rapid manufacturing technology.
It will be organised by Reed Exhibitions Deutschland GmbH at Messe Essen, Germany, and act as a bridge between users and aluminum producers, processors and refiners as well as suppliers of technology and accessories for aluminium production.
It is a highly specialized show which will be organized by Reed Exhibitions Deutschland GmbH at Messe Essen, Germany and will prove to be highly successful in acting as a bridge between users and aluminum producers, processors and refiners as well as suppliers of technologies and accessories for aluminium production etc.
This delightful pelargonium has just won best plant in show in the class for bedding and balcony plants at this year's international trade fair for horticulture in Essen, Germany.