Essen

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Essen

(ĕs`ən), city (1994 pop. 622,380), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany, on the Ruhr River. The major industrial center of the RuhrRuhr
, region, c.1,300 sq mi (3,370 sq km), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany; a principal manufacturing center of Germany. The Ruhr lies along, and north of, the Ruhr River (145 mi/233 km long), which rises in the hills of central Germany and flows generally west to the
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 district, it was the seat of the famous KruppKrupp
, family of German armament manufacturers. The family settled in Essen in the 16th cent. The core of the great Krupp industrial empire was started by Friedrich Krupp, 1787–1826, who built a small steel plant c.1810.
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 steelworks. Essen is a retail trade center, a rail junction, and a steel and electricity producer. Its diversified industrial base includes chemical, glass, textile, and precision-instrument plants. The region's last coal mine closed in 1986 and in recent years there has a move away from heavy industry into the service and technology sectors. Essen grew up around a Benedictine convent (founded in the mid-9th cent.). It was a small imperial state, ruled by the abbess of the convent, from the 13th cent. until 1802, when it passed to Prussia. The city's main industrial growth dates from the second half of the 19th cent. Essen was heavily bombed during World War II, but was rebuilt in modern style after 1945. The city has a number of large parks. There is a noteworthy cathedral (9th–14th cent.).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Essen

 

a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, in the Land (state) of North Rhine-Westphalia. Population, 677,600 (1976). Essen, which lies between the Ruhr River, on the south, and the Rhine-Herne Canal on the north, is situated in the center of the Ruhr Coal Basin.

The city is a major industrial, trade, and financial center of the Federal Republic of Germany. It is a transportation hub with a well-developed network of railroads and highways; a river port as well as a port on the Rhine-Herne Canal, it handled 1.5 million tons of freight in 1975. The postwar years have seen a decline in the coal industry, with the number of persons employed dropping from 54,000 in 1958 to 10,300 in 1975. The metallurgical industry has also declined. The machine-building industry has expanded, especially in the areas of general, heavy, power, electrical engineering, and transportation machine building; there has also been growth in the aluminum industry.

A number of manufacturers’ associations, research centers, and research institutes, such as the Steinkohlenbergbauverein (Institute of Mining Research) and the Mining Institute, are located in Essen.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Essen

a city in W Germany, in North Rhine-Westphalia: the leading administrative centre of the Ruhr; university. Pop.: 589 499 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The company has a workforce of about 150 at the headquarters in Essen, Germany.
Peabody Energy (NYSE: BTU), a private-sector coal company involved in clean coal solutions, has opened its office in Essen, Germany.
"This research provides an experimental rationale for the effects of beneficial behavioral stimuli experienced by the pregnant mother affecting the disease status of an as yet-unborn child," said Kathy Keyvani, M.D., a researcher involved in the work from the Institute of Pathology and Neuropathology at the University Hospital Essen in Essen, Germany.
Volvo Construction Equipment's design team, made up of designers and design engineers, travelled in July to the red dot design museum in Essen, Germany to collect the red dot award for product design 2011.
In 2005, KSM was purchased by private equity firm Cognetas, Frankfurt, Germany, from ThyssenKrupp AG, Essen, Germany. KSM serves the global light metal castings industry and has a customer base consisting of automotive OEMs and Tier 1 suppliers such as Volkswagen Group, Daimler, Benteler, Bosch, ZF and TRW.
Exploration: Waldemar Januszczak in Essen, Germany, with Caillebotte's painting, Paris Street; Rainy Day.
Their award-winning project brought to life the lighting scheme for the ThyssenKrupp Quarter in Essen, Germany, a global materials and technology group.
There will also be a limited-edition version of their new album available, whichincludes abonusCDfeaturing a 26-minute long piece called The Singing Mountain, recorded for Douglas Gordon and Olaf Nicolai's Monument For Forgotten Future installation in Essen, Germany. Mogwai play Cardiff University on Friday, February 18.
The sponsorship agreement was signed by Alba chief executive Laurent Schmitt and event organiser Reed Exhibition's Michael Kohler during the Aluminium 2010 trade fair held at the Exhibition Centre in Essen, Germany. Aluminium 2012 will attract the who's who of the industry encompassing the entire spectrum of the value chain - from producers, processors and technology suppliers to consumers.
ESSEN, Germany -- Theo Albrecht, who along with his brother Karl founded the Aldi discount grocery operation, has died at the age of 88 after an illness.
It will be organised by Reed Exhibitions Deutschland GmbH at Messe Essen, Germany, and act as a bridge between users and aluminum producers, processors and refiners as well as suppliers of technology and accessories for aluminium production.
It is a highly specialized show which will be organized by Reed Exhibitions Deutschland GmbH at Messe Essen, Germany and will prove to be highly successful in acting as a bridge between users and aluminum producers, processors and refiners as well as suppliers of technologies and accessories for aluminium production etc.