essence

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Related to Essences: Flower essences, Essenes

essence,

in philosophy, the nature of a thing. Aristotle maintained that there is a distinction between the form of a thing—its intelligible, verbally formulable character—and the essence of a thing, i.e., what it is in itself, which is not common to anything else. The essence of a thing is what is formulated as a universal in the mind and in language. St. Thomas Aquinas distinguished between the essence of a thing and the fact of its being, or its existence. In modern existentialist thought Jean-Paul Sartre made use of Aquinas's distinction between essence and existence but reversed them by insisting that existence precedes essence. By this he asserted that people do not have predetermined natures; what a person is follows from the choices he or she makes.
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essence

1. Philosophy
a. the unchanging and unchangeable nature of something which is necessary to its being the thing it is; its necessary properties
b. the properties in virtue of which something is called by its name
c. the nature of something as distinct from, and logically prior to, its existence
2. Theol an immaterial or spiritual entity
3. 
a. the constituent of a plant, usually an oil, alkaloid, or glycoside, that determines its chemical or pharmacological properties
b. an alcoholic solution of such a substance
4. a substance, usually a liquid, containing the properties of a plant or foodstuff in concentrated form
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in classic literature ?
In like manner the good may be said to be not only the author of knowledge to all things known, but of their being and essence, and yet the good is not essence, but far exceeds essence in dignity and power.
The essence of religious feeling has nothing to do with reason, or atheism, or crime, or acts of any kind--it has nothing to do with these things--and never had.
For it is a thousand times more credible, that four mutable elements, and one immutable fifth essence, duly and eternally placed, need no God, than that an army of infinite small portions, or seeds unplaced, should have produced this order and beauty, without a divine marshal.
Herbal Essences hair care users nationwide can mail empty bottles to Trenton-based recycler TerraCycle for free through a new program.
Here, Leary might double down on the above reading, insisting that the autonomy of essence entails that facts about which essences are impossible are also brute.
Diptyque recently had an intimate reveal of two new scents at Shangri-La at the Fort: Essences Insensees and La Madeleine.
The author is the founder of Australian Bush Flower Essences and has practised as one of Australia's leading naturopaths for thirty years.
In chapter six, Lowe explains his notion of essences. The criterion of identity of kind K is grounded in the essence of K, or what it is to be a K.
We're impressed with the difference we've seen from NEWHERBAL Essences Moroccan My Shine shampoo and conditioner, which add a r double hit of the ultimate gloss-giver - Argan oil - to our hair regime.
So began my love affair with flower essences. From the popular Bach Rescue Remedy my friend had given me, I went on to discover hundreds more of these liquid elixirs, helpful with everything from persistent stress to personal transformation.
THIS set of three flower essences has been designed to help people control emotional hunger pangs.
But even skilled horticulturists and keen amateur gardeners who admire the blooms on display may be unaware of the important role of flowers in promoting harmony in the mind, body and spirit, according to Clare G Harvey, a world authority on flower essences.