essentialism

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essentialism

the view that philosophy or science is able to reach and represent absolute TRUTH(S), e.g. the necessary or essential properties, or ‘essences’, of objects. PLATO's theory of ideal forms is an example of essentialism.

Today the term is often a negative one, used by philosophers who oppose essentialism and emphasize the provisional or conventional nature of knowledge (see also CONVENTIONALISM, NOMINALISM, OPERATIONALISM OR OPERATIONISM, RELATIVISM, POSTEMPIRICISM, DECONSTRUCTION, REALISM).

References in periodicals archive ?
The background essentialist metaphysics explains why it's metaphysically necessary that, if x has some sui generis normative property, x has some natural property that is involved in the essence of whatever hybrid properties ground it.
Taylor notes that 'the nation state played a central role in the maintenance of fixed and stable political cultures and stable identities around universal and essentialist categories.
Smith mocks the illusion of the "pleasant libertarian land of the free" (WT 465), disclosing that both the white English society and the migrant hold an essentialist understanding of identity that attribute a set of inherent characteristics and core qualities to categories of identity, culture, and nation.
still prevail in Germany" (Littler 221) and that there is "a general tendency" in Germany to conceive of the concept of culture "in essentialist terms" (Yildiz 252).
Is one of the above-mentioned criteria-- essentialist, relational, pragmatic--more decisive than the others?
The essentialist view hides from us the dark view that "nobody wins the war against death.
Schocket labels Gordon Wood, one of the most famous historians of the founding, an essentialist because he fights against the politicization of history and rejects the contention that there are as many valid histories as there are historical perspectives.
An essentialist is able to explore widely, ask tough and searching questions, and then select carefully very few things, based on deep understanding and conviction.
Following his lucid and smart directions will help readers find "the way of the essentialist.
1) This focus on the nature of the human person, rooted as it is in the Christian appropriation of Hellenistic philosophical traditions, can rightly be described as essentialist.
In particular, she offers an intervention into the age-old debate between essentialist and anti-essentialist philosophers that goes back to Plato and Aristotle, ultimately making the case for a "sexed spirogenetic model" of essence.