Campeche, state, Mexico
, state, 21,924 sq mi (56,798 sq km), SE Mexico, on the Gulf of Campeche. The city of Campeche is the capital. Comprising most of the western half of the Yucatán
peninsula, much of the state lies in hot, humid, and unhealthy lowlands. Rainfall in the southwestern sector is heavy. The state had extensive forests, and logwood (campeche
in Spanish) has been one of the chief exports. Agriculture and stock raising are important in the more arid northeastern sector. Using Campeche as a base, the Spanish explorer Francisco de Montejo led (1531–35) expeditions against the Maya. The coast was a haunt of pirates from the 17th cent. to the 19th cent. The principal ports are Campeche and Carmen, a small town on an island at the entrance to the Laguna de Términos.
Campeche, city, Mexico
Campeche, city, capital of Campeche state, SE Mexico, on the Yucatán peninsula. It is fortified and surrounded by 18th-century walls. Although it remains an export center for the surrounding region, Campeche's economy is increasingly linked to the offshore oil fields in the Bay of Campeche. The city, once the site of the pre-Columbian town called Kimpech (whose remains are still observable), was founded in 1540 by the son of the Spanish conquistador Francisco de Montejo. It was sacked frequently by English buccaneers. From 1862 to 1864, French forces blockaded the city. The city has a 16th-century cathedral.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a state in Mexico, on the Yucatán Peninsula. Area, 56, 100 sq km; population, 251, 600 (1970). The city of Campeche is its administrative center. The state is a plain, covered primarily by a tropical forest. Chicle, the sap of the sapodilla, is extracted here. There is apiculture and slash-and-burn agriculture. Henequén plantations are located along the coast. The henequén is processed in the city of Campeche, which is also the site of food industry.
a city in Mexico, administrative center of Campeche state. Population, 70, 000 (1969). Campeche is a port on the Bay of Campeche (export of henequén and timber) and an important transport junction for the Yucatán Peninsula.Henequén fiber is processed here. There are also food and fishing industries. The city was founded in 1540.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. a state of SE Mexico, on the SW of the Yucatán peninsula: forestry and fishing. Capital: Campeche. Pop.: 205 000 (2005 est.). Area: 56 114 sq. km (21 666 sq. miles)
2. a port in SE Mexico, capital of Campeche state. Pop.: 195 000 (2000 est.)
3. Bay of. Also called: Gulf of Campeche. the SW part of the Gulf of Mexico.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005