Guanajuato

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Guanajuato,

city (1990 pop. 73,108), capital of Guanajuato state, W central Mexico. The city, with an altitude of c.6,600 ft (2,000 m), is situated in the Cañada de Marfil [ivory ravine], a precipitous ravine encircled by barren hills. Guanajuato has narrow, winding, steep cobblestone streets, sometimes pieced out by stone steps, and the ground underneath is honeycombed with silver-mine shafts. Its geographic position and economic importance as one of Spanish America's chief silver-producing centers gave the city a key role in the wars and revolutions that racked Mexico in the 19th and early 20th cent. Guanajuato has become a resort city. There are several noteworthy colonial churches and buildings, including the Alhóndiga de Granaditas, originally a granary that was besieged and captured (1810) by Hidalgo y Costilla at the outset of the war against Spain.

Guanajuato

(gwänähwä`tō), state (1990 pop. 3,982,593), 11,805 sq mi (30,575 sq km), W central Mexico, on the central plateau. The city of GuanajuatoGuanajuato,
city (1990 pop. 73,108), capital of Guanajuato state, W central Mexico. The city, with an altitude of c.6,600 ft (2,000 m), is situated in the Cañada de Marfil [ivory ravine], a precipitous ravine encircled by barren hills.
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 is the capital. The state's high average elevation (6,000 ft/1,829 m) provides a moderately cool, healthful climate. Guanajuato is crossed in the north by transverse ranges of the Sierra Madre Occidental, some of which reach heights of 11,000 ft (3,353 m). In the south are fertile plains supporting stock raising and the cultivation of wheat, corn, other grain crops, and beans. The Lerma and its tributaries form the chief river system.

Despite the steadily growing importance of agriculture, Guanajuato is noted primarily as Mexico's foremost mining state; much silver and gold is extracted, and mercury, lead, tin, copper, fluorite, and opals are also produced. Industrial products from the cities—Guanajuato, CelayaCelaya
, city (1990 pop. 214,856), Guanajuato state, W central Mexico. In a region watered by the Lerma irrigation works, Celaya is the center of a prosperous corn, cereal, and bean growing area. Cattle raising and the associated dairy industry are also important.
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, LeónLeón,
city (1990 pop. 758,270), Guanajuato state, central Mexico. It is located in a fertile river valley c.5,600 ft (1,700 m) high, but with a mild, temperate climate.
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, and IrapuatoIrapuato
, city (1990 pop. 265,042), Guanajuato state, W central Mexico, on the Irapuato River. It is the commercial and communications center of the surrounding mining and agricultural (cereals and cattle) region.
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—include textiles, saddles and other leather goods, and foodstuffs. Oil refining is also a significant part of the economy.

Joined with Querétaro de Arteaga, the state was a Spanish intendancy until 1824. A leading silver producer of Spanish America, Guanajuato declined in economic importance during the wars of the 19th cent. There has been significant outmigration from the state to the United States in recent years.

Guanajuato

 

a state in Mexico. Area, 30,600 sq km. Population, 2.300,000 (1970). Located on the southern Mexican upland, in the basin of the upper Lerma River. Its administrative center is the city of Guanajuato. It is largely a region of subsistence agriculture (corn and kidney beans). In the basin of the Lerma, centering on Leon, is the commercial agricultural region of Bahio, where corn and wheat are grown and livestock are raised. Industry includes food processing, textiles, and shoes and leather in León and Irapuato and petroleum refining in Salamanca.


Guanajuato

 

a city in the central part of Mexico, administrative center of the state of Guanajuato. Situated in a mountain valley at an altitude of 2,000 m. Population, 31,000 (1963). A branch line connects it with the Mexico City-Torreón railroad line. Guanajuato is an old center of a mining region (gold and silver), which has greatly declined in significance. A food and condiment industry and some others are located in Guanajuato.

Guanajuato

1. a state of central Mexico, on the great central plateau: mountainous in the north, with fertile plains in the south; important mineral resources. Capital: Guanajuato. Pop.: 4 656 761 (2000). Area: 30 588 sq. km (11 810 sq. miles)
2. a city in central Mexico, capital of Guanajuato state: founded in 1554, it became one of the world's richest silver-mining centres. Pop.: 80 000 (2005 est.)
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