Nuevo León

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Nuevo León

(nwā`vō lāōn`), state (1990 pop. 3,098,736), 25,136 sq mi (65,102 sq km), N Mexico. MonterreyMonterrey
, city (1990 pop. 1,068,996), capital of Nuevo León state, NE Mexico, the third largest city of Mexico. Located c.150 mi (240 km) S of Laredo, Tex., in a valley surrounded by mountains, Monterrey is the rail and highway hub of NE Mexico.
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 is the capital. The southern and western parts of the state are traversed by the Sierra Madre Oriental, but some of the extreme western portions lie within the vast, semiarid basin lands of N Mexico, which are cultivable under irrigation. Much of the north is arid cactus country, but to the east, where the plains sweep down toward the lowlands of Tamaulipas and are crossed by several large rivers, the land is suitable for agriculture. Grains and citrus fruits are grown. Nuevo León has an extremely diversified industrial structure which includes oil refining and extensive heavy and light manufacturing. The growth of maquiladorasmaquiladoras
, Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations.
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, foreign-owned industrial plants that produce U.S. exported goods, has become prevalent. The area is also a leading national producer of iron, steel, and chemicals. Road and rail connections within the state are excellent, and Nuevo León enjoys one of the highest living standards in Mexico. The area was explored and settled by the Spanish in the late 16th cent. Nuevo León became a state in 1824. It was occupied by U.S. troops during the Mexican War, amid fierce resistance.

Nuevo León

 

a state in Mexico, in the northeastern part of the Meseta Central. Area, 64,600 sq km. Population, 1,695,000 (1970). Its administrative and industrial center is Monterray. Nuevo León is one of Mexico’s economically more developed states. The leading industries are metallurgy, chemicals, metal-working, textiles, and food processing. Cotton and wheat are grown on irrigated land, and there are citrus fruit plantations. Livestock raising is also important; the animals are driven to pastures in the USA.

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