San Luis Potosí

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San Luis Potosí

(sän lo͞oēs` pōtōsē`), state (1990 pop. 2,003,187), 24,417 sq mi (63,240 sq km), central Mexico. San Luis PotosíSan Luis Potosí,
city (1990 pop. 489,238), capital of San Luis Potosí state, central Mexico. Situated on a plain almost entirely surrounded by low mountains, the city is a mining and agricultural distribution center and a rail junction.
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 is the capital. Most of the state lies on the eastern tablelands of Mexico's central plateau. Except in the humid tropical Pánuco River valley in the extreme east, near the Gulf of Mexico, the climate is mild and dry. Generally level, with an average elevation of 6,000 ft (1,829 m), the plateau is broken by spurs of the Sierra Madre Oriental; it is largely desert in the north. Rainfall is generally light, and rivers are few; thus, despite fertile soil, agriculture is practiced mainly for subsistence. Large crops of sugarcane, however, are cultivated in the eastern lowlands. Some timber is cut, but the state's tropical forests remain mostly unexploited. San Luis Potosí has rich silver, gold, copper, zinc, and bismuth deposits and is one of Mexico's leading mining states. Industry is limited, yet diverse; basic metal manufacturing comprises the largest sector.

San Luis Potosí,

city (1990 pop. 489,238), capital of San Luis Potosí state, central Mexico. Situated on a plain almost entirely surrounded by low mountains, the city is a mining and agricultural distribution center and a rail junction. Industries include foundries, smelters, and factories which produce clothing, leather goods, and beverages. Founded in 1576, San Luis Potosí was strategically important in colonial times and during the wars of the republican period. The patriot Francisco I. Madero, who was briefly imprisoned in the city in 1910, later named his revolutionary call to arms the Plan of San Luis Potosí. The city has narrow cobbled streets and solid colonial architecture. Among its major landmarks are the San Francisco convent and Carmelite churches.

San Luis Potosí

 

a state in Mexico, in the Meseta Central. Area, 62,800 sq km. Population, 1,406,000 (1974). The capital is the city of San Luis Potosí. The economy emphasizes agricultural crops for local consumption, including corn, beans, wheat, and fruits. Wild fibrous plants are also gathered, and sheep are raised. Complex ores, silver, and gold are mined. Industry includes nonferrous metallurgy, the production of chemicals, food processing, and processing of the fiber of local wild plants.


San Luis Potosí

 

a city in northern Mexico, capital of the state of San Luis Potosí. Population, 274,000 (1974). San Luis Potosí is a major transportation junction. It is the center of an old silver-, lead-, and copper-mining region, founded in the 16th century. Industry includes nonferrous metallurgy, including tin smelting and silver extraction, production of wool, and processing of the fiber of local wild plants. There are also railroad shops serving the railroads of northern Mexico. The city has a university. San Luis Potosí was founded in the late 16th century.

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