Estonian Black-and-White Cattle

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Estonian Black-and-White Cattle


a breed of dairy cattle. It was developed in Estonia at the turn of the 20th century by crossing local cattle with Holstein-Friesian cattle. Bulls weigh 900–1,000 kg, and the cows, 550–600 kg. The annual milk production is 3,800–4,500 kg, with a record yield of 10,321 kg. The fat content of the milk is 3.8–3.9 percent. The meat qualities are satisfactory. The male calves raised for meat weigh 420–450 kg at 18 months of age. The yield of dressed meat is 56–57 percent.

The breed has been regionalized in the northern and western parts of the Estonian SSR. Pedigree stock has been introduced in many oblasts of the RSFSR, Byelorussian SSR, Ukrainian SSR, and Kazakh SSR in order to improve the local black-and-white breeds of cattle.


Skotovodstvo: Krupnyi rogatyi skot, vol. 1. Moscow, 1961.
Kutti, V., A. Pung, and L. Vaher, Eesli mustakirju veiselōug. Tallinn, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Just like the Red cattle breed of Livonia, the characteristics of the Estonian Black-and-White cattle were recorded in pedigree books.
The regionalization of breeds was also mentioned as it was planned to breed Estonian Black-and-White cattle in the districts of industrial centres and holiday resorts and breed Estonian Red cattle in areas further from markets (Central and South-Estonia), where butter and cheese was produced.
(7) The districts of the Estonian Black-and-White cattle breed in Soviet times were the counties of Harju and Rapla.
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