Estrada Doctrine


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Estrada Doctrine

 

a political doctrine proclaimed in 1930 by J. Estrada, the minister of foreign affairs of Mexico, concerning the recognition of new governments. In contrast to the Tobar Doctrine, the Estrada Doctrine states that a new government, even if it accedes to power by unconstitutional means, does not need a special act of recognition from foreign governments.

Estrada condemned abuses of the power of recognition as well as outside interference in the internal affairs of nations. The enunciation of the Estrada Doctrine, which was directed primarily against US interference in the internal affairs of Mexico and other Latin American states, was an important progressive development.

References in periodicals archive ?
Estrada doctrine of Mexico and Truman's doctrine of the USA are a few among many well-known and successful doctrines.
The Estrada Doctrine which states that new governments are automatically recognized without prior attention to the elements considered under the traditional approach.
The Estrada Doctrine was, therefore, an "antirecognition" recognition policy.
approval of a new government, but had not yet adopted the Estrada Doctrine of recognizing states rather than governments.
Jefferson's policy, like the Estrada Doctrine, was to avoid making political judgments on foreign governments.
The idea of withholding recognition to express disapproval of a particular government has been strongly criticized, notably in Mexico's Estrada Doctrine, named after a former foreign minister.
The assumptions of the Estrada Doctrine lose their validity, however, if nonrecognition of military regimes is established as a consistent principle of international law, by which all nations promise to abide.