1]heptan-2-one, 1,3,3-trimethyl, Benzaldehyde, 4-methoxy, Estragole
, 11-Octadecenoic acid, methyl ester and 9-Octadecenoic acid ethyl ester.
channels, such as eugenol, linalool, carvacrol, estragole
, and cineole (12-16).
Consequently, the EO is classified into different chemotypes according to its major constituents: citral, linalool, B-caryophyllene, tagetenone, limonene, carvone, myrcene, y-terpinene, camphor-1,8-cineole and estragole
(STASHENKO et al.
Evaluation of interindividual human variation in bioactivation and DNA adduct formation of estragole
in liver predicted by physiologically based kinetic/dynamic and monte carlo modeling.
Additionally, many phenolic compounds such as eugenol, estragole
, anethole, carvacrol, thymol, coniferyl alcohol, etc.
Upon GC/MS analysis essential oil contained thirty compounds eluted on a DB-1-1022 column such as 1R-a-Pinene, b-Pinene, D-Limonene, b-Phellandrene, b-Terpinyl acetate, T-Terpinene, p-Cymene, Dehydro-p-cymene, cis-b-Terpineol, Trans-p-Metha-2,8-dienal, 4-Terpineol, Trans-dihydrocarvone, a-Terpineol, D-Carvone, Carvone, Cis-p-Menth-1-en-3-ol, 2,3-Epoxycarene, L-cis-Sabinol, p-Cymen-8-ol, cis-Carveol, Estragole
, 2-Pinen-4-one, 2-Allyl-4-methyl phenol, O-tert-butyl Phenol, Thymol, Carvacrol, Elemicin, Myristicin, Apiol, Methoxyeugenol and Limonene-6-ol, pivalate (Table 5).
4 5 FENNEL'S sweet aniseed-like flavour comes from essential oils such as anethole, estragole
and fenchone, all thought to have antiseptic properties.
, methylchavicol, apiin, apigenin, myristin, limonene, cineole, safranal, crocin, and picrocrocin (52).
The licorice-flavored oil estragole
is found in both French tarragon and anise hyssop.
The monoterpene: ([+ or -])-[beta]-citronellol, ([+ or -])-citronellal, (-)-[alpha]-pinene, (-)-[beta]-pinene, [alpha]-terpinene, [gamma]-terpinene, [alpha]-terpineol, 1,8-cineole, citral, thymol, carvacrol, [alpha]+[beta]-thujone, camphene, ([+ or -])-camphor, (-)-borneol, p-cymene, myrcene, menthone, ([+ or -])menthol, geraniol, geranyl acetate, linalool, linalyl acetate, (R)-(-)-[alpha]-phellandrene, estragole
, (R)-(-)-carvon, limonene showed potent phytotoxic activity and these compounds could be used both as potential bio-herbicides and lead structures for the development of new, potentially safe and ecocompatible pesticides (Martino et al.
2005) and [alpha]-pinene, [beta]-pinene, 3-carene, estragole
, [alpha]-carinol, limonene, [beta]-phellandrene, [tau]-cardinol, [tau]-muurolol, myrcene, and [alpha]-terpineol in small ponderosa pines (Pinus ponderosa Lawson; Kelkar et al.
in Fennel Seed Decoctions Really Be Considered a Danger for Human Health?