Esztergom


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Esztergom

(ĕ`stĕrgôm), Ger. Gran, city (1991 est. pop. 29,751), N Hungary, on the Danube River and the border of Slovakia. It is a county administrative center, a river port, and a railroad terminus. There are food-processing industries, but the city's largest economic concern is a large Japanese-owned motor vehicle assembly plant. Situated in an extensive vineyard region, Esztergom carries on trade in wine and grain. Its mineral springs make the city popular with tourists. Esztergom is one of Hungary's oldest towns. The Roman Strigonium was the first royal residence and the capital of Hungary until the 13th cent. King Stephen I, later canonized as Hungary's patron saint, was crowned at Esztergom (his birthplace) in 1001. The city has been the seat of the archprimate of Hungary since 1198. Mongols sacked Esztergom in 1241, and the Turks occupied it during much of the 16th and 17th cent. Overlooking the Danube is the city's 19th-century dome-topped cathedral, thought to be the most beautiful church in Hungary. The palace of the primates contains a museum of antiquities and a library rich in old manuscripts and incunabula.

Esztergom

 

a city in northern Hungary, in the megye (county) of Komárom. River port on the right bank of the Danube. Population, 30,000 (1977). Esztergom has machine-tool and instrument-making industries; sports equipment is also manufactured. Brown coal is mined nearby. There are vineyards and a wine-making industry in the environs of the city.

Points of architectural interest in Esztergom include the old fort; the royal palace, which contains a 12th-century chapel and a Renaissance hall (end of the 15th century); and the Renaissance Bakócz Chapel (1506–07). Also noteworthy are the cathedral (1822–56, architects P. Khünel, J. Packh, and J. Hild) and the Church of St. Anne (begun in 1828, architect J. Packh), which are in the classical style.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the interest of helping negotiations, Blessed Paul VI asked the cardinal to leave Hungary, and later declared the See of Esztergom vacant, opening the way to normalization of relations between church and state.
Our first stop was the former residence of the kings at Esztergom - with Hungary's biggest cathedral - and a visit to the pretty little artists' village of Szentendre.
Tenders are invited for Vaszary colos hospital for esztergom for patient identification system for laboratory automatic immunochemical examinations, Pcr automata, Hand disinfection dispensers, Endoscopic washing machine, Water disinfectant
Similarly, 30 miles further east down the river towards Budapest, the Maria-Valeria bridge, between Sturovo, Slovakia, and Esztergom, Hungary, first built in 1895, then destroyed by German soldiers in 1944, was a symbolic re-bonding step of the European project when it was reconstructed in 2001.
After Magyar King Bela III conquered Sofia in 1183, Saint Ivan Rilski's remains were sent to the Hungarian capital Esztergom and stayed there for 4 years before being returned to Sofia in 1187.
The cities where this festival is being showcased are Budapest, Balatonfured, Debrecen, Eger, Esztergom, Gyor, Nagykanizsa, Nagykoros, Miscolc, Pecs, Sarvar, Szentendre, Sopron, Szeged and Veszprem.
The A-Rosa Donna sails from Engelhartszell to Budapest calling at Melk, Vienna and Esztergom.
On 3 February 1949, Cardinal Joseph Mindszenty (1892-1975), Archbishop of Esztergom and Prince Primate of Hungary, was put on trial in front of a "Peoples' Court" in Budapest by a Communist regime that had recently taken power.
Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law, Esztergom 3-8 August 2008, Citta del Vaticano 2010, 85-115.
The photograph of three Hungarian boys accompanying this piece was taken in Esztergom a century ago.
There are three main areas to visit: Esztergom, Visegrad and Szentendre.