Etana


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Etana

 

a hero in Babylonian-Assyrian mythology. According to a Sumerian list of kings that dates from the 21st century B.C., Etana was the 12th ruler of a dynasty that reigned in the city of Kish “after the flood”; the same document calls him “a shepherd who ascended to heaven and established all lands.” According to an older tradition, he was the first king.

An Akkadian legend that has survived in versions dating from the mid-second millennium B.C. to the beginning of the first millennium B.C. tells of the friendship between a serpent and an eagle: the eagle is punished for perfidy by the god Shamash but is rescued from death by Etana, who flies to heaven on the eagle’s back. Etana wants to reach heaven in order to find a “birth stone” (evidently an amulet) because his wife is unable to give birth. After obtaining the stone, he returns safely to earth with the eagle. The Roman writer Aelian, who lived in the second and early third centuries A.D., related a similar story, but the hero was Gilgamesh rather than Etana. The theme of humans flying on eagles is found in Akkadian glyptic art of the second half of the third millennium B.C. and may be based on the legend of Etana.

References in periodicals archive ?
who connects sebetam with sebeta in Etana Morgan tablet i 10 (see commentary below) and other instances in which "the accusative sebettam" is "used to qualify a noun in another case.
They should greatly lighten the labors of those seeking to become familiar with Etana and Anzu for the first time.
The Champress post, in January 2006, generated a flood of reader feedback on both the subject of the veil and the issue of whether Abdul-Salam and Etana were being wrongly restrained by the government.
1 -- color) Klara Suknovalnik and her daughter, Etana, pick out organic apples at Whole Foods in Woodland Hills on January 5.
Whether it be the observation and naming of the stars, the flight up to heaven of Etana in Assyro-Babylonian mythology, or the adventures of Pegasus the flying horse, man has always seen himself (and herself, no doubt) as destined to take to the air.
Hakansson I, Myrbeck A, Etana A (2002) A review of research on seedbed preparation for small grains in Sweden.
Note the -a-case of istata, which can be compared to sebeta in the Epic of Etana, Morgan tablet i 10: se-be-ta ba-bu ud-du-lu e-lu da-ap-nim, "The seven gates were still barred against the mighty.
Also joining Reggae Day is the prestigious and politically influenced Etana, also backed by Detour Posse.
Nigatu W, Jin L, Cohen B J, Nokes DJ, Etana M, Cutts FT, et al.
Etana A, Hakansson I, Zagal E, Bucas S (1999) Effects of tillage depth on organic carbon content and physical properties in five Swedish soils.
High honors went to: Nicole Adams, Alexandra Allaire, Samson Ashline, Rebecca Bagdigian, Abigail Bemis, Kathryn Berg, Kathryn Bruning, Ceegan Cook, Angelina DeSocio, James Doucette, James Gandek, Alexander Gothie, Robert Green, Nicole Hart, Miles Hodge, Tamika Isaac, Jane Kirkpatrick, Rosamond Kopczynski, Sydney Linton, Alexander LLanso, Matthew Mahoney, Etana Matatia, Scott O'Neil, Sara Palis, Rashida Patrick, Christopher Rucinski, Corinne Wilder, Alison Williams, Jene' Williams and Mitchell Witkowski.
Etana A, Larsbo M, Keller T, Arvidsson J, Schjonning P, Forkman J, Jarvis N (2013) Persistent subsoil compaction and its effects on preferential flow patterns inaloamytill soil.