Etana


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Etana

 

a hero in Babylonian-Assyrian mythology. According to a Sumerian list of kings that dates from the 21st century B.C., Etana was the 12th ruler of a dynasty that reigned in the city of Kish “after the flood”; the same document calls him “a shepherd who ascended to heaven and established all lands.” According to an older tradition, he was the first king.

An Akkadian legend that has survived in versions dating from the mid-second millennium B.C. to the beginning of the first millennium B.C. tells of the friendship between a serpent and an eagle: the eagle is punished for perfidy by the god Shamash but is rescued from death by Etana, who flies to heaven on the eagle’s back. Etana wants to reach heaven in order to find a “birth stone” (evidently an amulet) because his wife is unable to give birth. After obtaining the stone, he returns safely to earth with the eagle. The Roman writer Aelian, who lived in the second and early third centuries A.D., related a similar story, but the hero was Gilgamesh rather than Etana. The theme of humans flying on eagles is found in Akkadian glyptic art of the second half of the third millennium B.C. and may be based on the legend of Etana.

References in periodicals archive ?
As a springboard into these larger matters, however, we begin with a small, curious detail from the Eden story (1I) and point to a tradition in Etana (upon reviewing the legend's storyline [[section]III]) that must stand behind it ([section]IV).
Etana mainly focuses on the business related insurance segment, and has achieved robust organic growth over the past two years, leveraging off established broker relationships and its strong reputation in the market.
The Champress post, in January 2006, generated a flood of reader feedback on both the subject of the veil and the issue of whether Abdul-Salam and Etana were being wrongly restrained by the government.
1 -- color) Klara Suknovalnik and her daughter, Etana, pick out organic apples at Whole Foods in Woodland Hills on January 5.
Kinnier Wilson, The Legend of Etana, Warminster, 1985.
Etana was treated as a quasi-historical personality in cuneiform texts, and several versions of his story survive.
The one known remedy was the birth plant, which Etana was required to bring down personally from heaven.
Etana A, Larsbo M, Keller T, Arvidsson J, Schjonning P, Forkman J, Jarvis N (2013) Persistent subsoil compaction and its effects on preferential flow patterns inaloamytill soil.
Note the -a-case of istata, which can be compared to sebeta in the Epic of Etana, Morgan tablet i 10: se-be-ta ba-bu ud-du-lu e-lu da-ap-nim, "The seven gates were still barred against the mighty.
org/abzu) was created as part of an initiative at Vanderbilt University Library called ETANA, or Electronic Tools for Ancient Near East Archives, which spans a number of projects.
Nigatu W, Jin L, Cohen B J, Nokes DJ, Etana M, Cutts FT, et al.