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a Russian term whose meanings include the following: (1) a station (etap prison) where convicts stopped for the day or spent the night on their way to Siberia or to exile in their native villages, (2) the distance between two etapy (usually 15 to 25 versts), (3) a group of convicts (60 to 100 persons in Siberia; 20 to 60 persons in European Russia) with a convoy.

First attested in Russia in the early 19th century, etap became an official term when M. M. Speranskii used it in his Statute on the Etaps in the Siberian Provinces, which was adopted on July 22, 1822. The etap system existed in Russia until the bourgeois democratic revolution of February 1917.


Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiiskoi imperii, vol. 38. Moscow, 1830. Number 29129.
References in periodicals archive ?
With offices in every region around the world, ETAP Automation's primary focus will be to provide implementation of ETAP Real-Time power management systems along with customer support and technical training.
In late February 2006, ETAP signed up partners for two prospection permits and an exploration permit as part of its drive to accelerate the development of its upstream sector.
Within a 250-km radius of Hanover there are another 30 Formule 1, Etap and Ibis Hotels.
Operation Technology is committed to supporting power system engineers of today and tomorrow," said Michael Brown, ETAP Educational Facilitator.
ETAP is aiming to be one of the most automated oil and gas managed assets in the world.
The ETAP Partner Program provides engineering consulting and design firms as well as power management system and automation companies with best practices methodologies necessary to build value for ETAP customers.
In October 1990 the 148-sq km perimetre including the Maamoura find was turned into a 30-year concession granted to Agip, 49%, with ETAP holding 51%.
STEG negotiates the power and gas purchase prices with both ETAP and the E&P operator.
0 version is a complete program and does not require a previous ETAP installation.
Contract notice: Supply of powdered activated carbon for drinking water treatment in etap business salteras joint aljarafe sa aljarafesa.
Summary: Perenco's CEO and the ETAP chairman symbolically turned together the CPF valve for the new gas export pipeline at an official opening ceremony held on May 6th at the Central Processing Facility near Matmata in Tunisia.
ETAP will have a 50% interest in both permits, with Anadarko holding 33.