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a Russian term whose meanings include the following: (1) a station (etap prison) where convicts stopped for the day or spent the night on their way to Siberia or to exile in their native villages, (2) the distance between two etapy (usually 15 to 25 versts), (3) a group of convicts (60 to 100 persons in Siberia; 20 to 60 persons in European Russia) with a convoy.

First attested in Russia in the early 19th century, etap became an official term when M. M. Speranskii used it in his Statute on the Etaps in the Siberian Provinces, which was adopted on July 22, 1822. The etap system existed in Russia until the bourgeois democratic revolution of February 1917.


Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiiskoi imperii, vol. 38. Moscow, 1830. Number 29129.
References in periodicals archive ?
In other words, education would affect subjective norm, PU, PEU, and intention to use SAK ETAP.
ETAP exports condensate coming mostly from the gas fields, and trades in LPG.
Although some smaller fields are under development, ETAP is pinning its hopes on the development of the Hadouma gas field, a JV of Agip, OMV and ETAP.
ETAP produces 125,000 barrels of oil a day and 250,000,000 standard cubic feet of gas.
In a bid to resolve the problem the Etap Hotel in Great Colmore Street, Birmingham is trialling a special package for sleep-deprived couples who want to sleep apart.
The company said that the new version includes multiple language support and updated ETAP device libraries.
The patient was asked to keep a log of activity, training intensity and ETAP intensity over the course of the month.
Tunisia, 18 Sept: The "Chorbane" oil research permit has been awarded today to the Australian "Alpine Oil and Gas" company as part of a production-sharing contract with Tunisia''s oil company ETAP.
Karl Falkenberg does not consider it necessary to increase the ETAP budget in the short term.
The copter ditched 500 metres from the ETAP platform 125 miles off Aberdeen where it should have dropped passengers.
Etap, part of global hotel giant Accor, is entering the fray.
1 million contract to fit out the UK's first combined Ibis and Etap hotel at Birmingham International Airport for French-owned Accor Hotels.