Etatism


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Related to Etatism: etatisme

Etatism

 

In the early 20th century, the policy of state socialism was called etatism in several bourgeois countries (seeSTATE SOCIALISM). The term was most widely applied to Turkey. The principle of etatism was adopted by Kemal Atatürk and incorporated into the program of the Republican People’s Party in 1931; it was included in the Constitution of the Turkish Republic in 1937 as an official economic doctrine. The policy of etatism enabled Turkey to achieve accelerated economic development. After World II, however, the big bourgeoisie gained greater influence, and the government of Turkey retreated from etatism; the doctrine of state socialism was supplanted by the theory of the mixed economy.

In the 1960’s, political scientists began speaking about “new etatism.”

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In the absence of well-developed domestic markets and because of the lingering legacy of the etatism of the 1950s and the 1960s, much of the international trade in MENA has been conducted by and through the state.
It is interesting to note that etatism may lead to more or less political rights and political participation for women.
Although overwhelmingly Muslim, Turkey enjoys a strict separation between state and religion under the Kemalist concept of secularism and etatism.
On the English scene, one might highlight differences between Spencer's individualism, Hobhouse's interventionist "liberal socialism" and the etatism of the Fabian Society or, alternatively, some of the frictions which developed in the middle 1930s between the individualism of Ginsberg and the sociologism of Mannheim.
However, Lal concluded that there are important instances to show that "it is not Islamic beliefs in themselves that have hindered development but dysfunctional etatism and dirigisme, which, when reversed as in the Muslim parts of Southeast Asia, have delivered Promethean intensive growth" [5] (Lal, 1998, p.
The development of a mixed provision system in the field of social services can be explained partly by a voluntarist policy towards decentralization which overcomes a thousand-year-old tradition of etatism, and partly by the initiatives of the nonprofit sector facing new social issues.
This paper offers an alternative understanding of the origins of the Turkish economic policy of etatism based on the understudied effects of the 1933-1934 American-led Hines-Kemmerer mission to Turkey.
1917-73, thus underlining its crucial but probably not exclusive parallels with Leninism), this dominant idea was either some kind of socialist--usually perverted or pseudo-socialist--imaginative topology, or technocratic etatism with few if any socialist traits.
Begrudgingly Horvat admitted that central planning, a corollary of etatism, must founder because central planners simply could not know enough to direct the economic life of a country.
Stojanovic, Svetozar 1987 Od marksizma do etatizma sa ljudskirn licem (From Marxism to Etatism with a Human Face).
Both elements impinge on traditional etatism by regionalization as a process that devolves governance to new institutions of federalism and decentralizes it from government to nongovernmental organizations.