Etatism


Also found in: Dictionary, Financial, Wikipedia.
Related to Etatism: etatisme
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Etatism

 

In the early 20th century, the policy of state socialism was called etatism in several bourgeois countries (seeSTATE SOCIALISM). The term was most widely applied to Turkey. The principle of etatism was adopted by Kemal Atatürk and incorporated into the program of the Republican People’s Party in 1931; it was included in the Constitution of the Turkish Republic in 1937 as an official economic doctrine. The policy of etatism enabled Turkey to achieve accelerated economic development. After World II, however, the big bourgeoisie gained greater influence, and the government of Turkey retreated from etatism; the doctrine of state socialism was supplanted by the theory of the mixed economy.

In the 1960’s, political scientists began speaking about “new etatism.”

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Boratav, Korkut, Turkiye'de Devletcilik (Etatism in Turkey), (Ankara: Sava[section] Yayinevi, 1982).
(1997), 'Turkey: From Etatism to a More Liberal Economy', Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 22(2), 165-184
The trend to stronger etatism can be seen today in the European Union, which Conquest describes as an attempt to build a state from populations that have neither the historical nor ethnic qualifications for nationhood.
This etatism and xenophobia might have been predicted, since the Soviet Union was then embroiled in the Cold War.
(1994a), "Accounting Change, Communitarianism and Etatism: The University, and Colleges, of Oxford 1800-1923," Critical Perspectives on Accounting, Vol.
(26) As Chaudhry has convincingly argued, the etatism of the 1950s to the 1970s blunted the emergence of a functioning market economy in the late-developing countries of MENA and elsewhere.
Using archival and other sources that were unavailable to Western scholars before the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, he analyzes the formulation, dissemination, and reception of a "russocentric form of etatism" (p.
In this meticulously researched and well-written work, David Brandenberger focuses on what he calls the Soviet leadership's "ideological about-face" in the mid-1930s, its pragmatic shift from "utopian proletarian internationalism" to "a russo-centric form of etatism" in order to mobilize the population to support the Soviet socialist regime (pp.
Groups and organizations were judged according to one criterion only: their contribution to the demands of the "collective." With the creation of the state, the republican definition of reality was even extended to include the new immigrants, most of them Mizrahim (immigrants from Middle East and North-African countries), driving them to accept state imperatives and dictates (Etatism in French or Mamlachtiyut in Hebrew).
It is interesting to note that etatism may lead to more or less political rights and political participation for women.
Although overwhelmingly Muslim, Turkey enjoys a strict separation between state and religion under the Kemalist concept of secularism and etatism. The generals retain a foothold in political life at the National Security Council, where top brass meet monthly with the president and members of the government to discuss policy.