Boratav, Korkut, Turkiye'de Devletcilik (Etatism
in Turkey), (Ankara: Sava[section] Yayinevi, 1982).
(1997), 'Turkey: From Etatism
to a More Liberal Economy', Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 22(2), 165-184
Republicanism, nationalism, populism, etatism
, laicism and revolutionarism constitute the major principles of Kemalism.
The trend to stronger etatism
can be seen today in the European Union, which Conquest describes as an attempt to build a state from populations that have neither the historical nor ethnic qualifications for nationhood.
and xenophobia might have been predicted, since the Soviet Union was then embroiled in the Cold War.
(1994a), "Accounting Change, Communitarianism and Etatism
: The University, and Colleges, of Oxford 1800-1923," Critical Perspectives on Accounting, Vol.
(26) As Chaudhry has convincingly argued, the etatism
of the 1950s to the 1970s blunted the emergence of a functioning market economy in the late-developing countries of MENA and elsewhere.
Using archival and other sources that were unavailable to Western scholars before the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, he analyzes the formulation, dissemination, and reception of a "russocentric form of etatism
In this meticulously researched and well-written work, David Brandenberger focuses on what he calls the Soviet leadership's "ideological about-face" in the mid-1930s, its pragmatic shift from "utopian proletarian internationalism" to "a russo-centric form of etatism
" in order to mobilize the population to support the Soviet socialist regime (pp.
Groups and organizations were judged according to one criterion only: their contribution to the demands of the "collective." With the creation of the state, the republican definition of reality was even extended to include the new immigrants, most of them Mizrahim (immigrants from Middle East and North-African countries), driving them to accept state imperatives and dictates (Etatism
in French or Mamlachtiyut in Hebrew).
It is interesting to note that etatism
may lead to more or less political rights and political participation for women.
Although overwhelmingly Muslim, Turkey enjoys a strict separation between state and religion under the Kemalist concept of secularism and etatism
. The generals retain a foothold in political life at the National Security Council, where top brass meet monthly with the president and members of the government to discuss policy.