Statism

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Statism

 

a school of political thought that treats the state as the highest product and goal of social development.

The principles of statism can be traced historically through many political doctrines. During the precapitalist period, they were used primarily as a substantiation and defense of absolutism; for example, Hobbes made use of statist notions in his doctrine of the state. Hegel asserted that the state is an end in itself and the highest of all goals. In bourgeois societies, it was originally believed that the state should have a limited role in the life of a country, and statism was a primarily antiliberal and anti-democratic doctrine propounded by reactionary sociopolitical forces demanding strong state power. The most extreme form of statism is fascism’s “total state.”

Anticommunists demagogically call the socialist system statist because of the important role that the state plays in socialist societies. In actuality the socialist state is not opposed to society or the individual; on the contrary, its objective is the creation of real opportunities for the comprehensive development of the individual. Its highest goal is the building of a communist society that has a communist form of social self-government.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The etatist imaginary of the necessity of the young generations as numerous as possible but probably also some cultural anxieties specific to postmodernity of extinction of the human species through inhibiting reproductive capacity are the basis of this submerged narrative of medicalized maternity.
The peak period of strict etatist policies in the 1970s has long been surpassed.
More precisely: if Saint-Simon was still attracted to a more liberal view of the state, and Comte veered in the opposite etatist direction, it was Durkheim who struck the classical balance by outlining a reformist sociology which was demarcated at once against Spencerian individualism and against the etatism of the Kathedersozialisten.
(14) Bayar was associated with the so-called 'liberal' etatist camp.
In this situation, as is clear from Figure 1b, liberal national interconnection regimes co-exist with etatist interconnection regimes in the international arena.
Although superior to capitalism ("in etatist societies the broad masses live longer, receive more education, and enjoy much better medical care" [49]), it created alienation among workers, unnecessary human suffering, and much waste (though not as much as capitalism).
She does confess that "it is unclear whether the strong economic measures taken by the Korean state could have been taken under political democracy." But only to add immediately, and seemingly unconvinced: "although Japan, the etatist European countries, and recent events in Korea all suggest that such measures and political democracy are compatible." See Amsden (1989), p.
The Fishery also represented one response to the more etatist approaches to stimulating commerce being pursued by Britain's continental rivals.
In her highly innovative article on ethnicity and nationalism in Eastern Europe, Maria Todorova discusses theories about the relationship between communism and nationalism before concluding that "nationalism and etatist communism form an almost uninterrupted line of an evolving but essentially the same continuum in the history of Eastern Europe, which began in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and is far from fulfilled today" (106-107).
First, although Arab leaders situated in dependent economies might opt for etatist rather than market-oriented policies for economic reasons (i.e., late industrialization), etatism offered important political benefits as well.
Marx was right in predicting that the nature of work, as defined by the exigencies of capitalist production, would inevitably transcend national cultures and etatist boundaries; but he was wrong in hoping (more than predicting) that this process of production-driven internationalization would reduce the differences among national cultures, fostering the solidarization of workers.
In practice, however, whether at home in Germany or abroad under Nazi occupation, once the war started to go badly for Germany, there remained an inescapable tension between the etatist implications of total mobilization and the representation of independent business interests in any form.