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see YejmiadzinYejmiadzin
, Ejmiadzin
, or Echmiadzin
town (1994 est. pop. 64,400), SW Armenia, in the Aras (Araks) River valley. It has winemaking and plastics industries. Known since the 6th cent. B.C.
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, Armenia.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(until 1945, Vagarshapat), a city under republic jurisdiction and administrative center of Echmiadzin Raion, Armenian SSR; located on the Ararat Plain, 15 km from the Echmiadzin railroad station and 20 km from Yerevan. Population, 37,000 (1974). Enterprises in Echmiadzin include factories producing plastics and cooking utensils, a branch of the Elektron Armenian Production Association, and a branch of the Armsuvenir Association. Food-processing enterprises include a wine combine and a cannery. Building materials are also produced. Schools in the city include a technicum specializing in the training of staff for clubs and libraries. Echmiadzin’s places of note include a museum of local lore, a branch of the Armenian State Picture Gallery, the house of the poet I. M. Ioannisian (now a museum), and a museum devoted to the work of the composer S. G. Komimas.

Echmiadzin, the historic center of the Armenian Apostolic Church, has a monastery that includes the residence of the catholicos, as well as a cathedral. The ancient settlement of Vardesvan became the site of the modern Echmiadzin in the second century A.D. The city of Vagarshapat was founded by King Vagarsh I (117–140) in the first half of the second century A.D. From the latter half of the second century until the fourth century it was the capital of Armenia.

The city has an unplanned network of narrow, winding streets. The cathedral (303, rebuilt fifth and seventh centuries) incorporates a later bell tower (1653–58) and sacristy (1869). It has notable frescoes executed in the late 17th to early 18th centuries by Ovnatan Nagash and in the late 18th century by O. Ovnatanian. The monastery complex includes a refectory (first half of the 17th century), a hostel (mid-18th century), the residence of the catholicos (1738–41), a school (1813), and a stone reservoir (1846). Many houses and public buildings have been built in modern times.

Other interesting structures include the Ripsime Church (618), the domed basifican Church of St. Gaiane (630, restored 1652) with its triple-vaulted gavil, and the Church of Shokagat (1694). The cathedral has a museum (established 1955) with a rich collection of medieval decorative and applied art. Not far from the city are the ruins of the church of Zvartnots (641–661).


Arutiunian, V. M. Echmiadzim. Moscow, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
And all our life should be transfigured into a liturgy." (16) The concept was discussed at an Orthodox consultation in Etchmiadzin, Armenia, in September 1975 on "Confessing Christ through the Liturgical Life of the Church Today," which stated in its conclusions that the "Liturgy must not be limited to the celebration in the church but has to be continued in the life of the faithful in all dimensions of life." (17) The term "liturgy after the liturgy" was then used at an Orthodox consultation at New Valamo, Finland, in September 1977, which described it as the "liturgical use of the material world, a transformation of human association in society' into Koinonia." (18)
The Greco-Roman Temple of Garni, the 4th-century Etchmiadzin Cathedral, headquarters of the Armenian Church, and Khor Virap Monastery, a pilgrimage site near Mount Ararat, a dormant volcano just across the border in Turkey, are just some of the examples.
He visited the Armenian Genocide memorial at Church of Our Lady of Etchmiadzin where he placed a ceremonial wreath and held a minute of silence.
Upon arrival in Yerevan, President Aoun visited Etchmiadzin Cathedral where he met with the Armenian Catholicos, Karekin II.
(92) A 1948 report claimed that in Erevan, Leninakan (Gyumri), Stepanavan, Etchmiadzin, Hoketember, Artik, Allaverdi, and Beria 4,572 families had started to build their own homes, but only 729 families had completed and lived in them (ibid., l.
Francis sat to one side as Karekin led an elaborate service filled with chanting in the compound at Holy Etchmiadzin, the headquarters of the Armenian Church near Yerevan.
On Thursday evening, and in the presence of 30 leading religious leaders from around the world, a solemn canonization ceremony was held at Etchmiadzin, the seat of the Apostolic Church near Yerevan.
John Paul and Catholicos Karekin II of Etchmiadzin, patriarch of the Armenian Apostolic church.
His initial redraft was forwarded to the members of the Ecclesiology Study Group, who met in Etchmiadzin, Armenia (June 20-26, 2010), and in Gazzada, Varese, Italy (July 17-20, 2011), to consider his recommendations.
Museum of Armenia, Matenadaran Institute of Ancient Manuscripts, as well as the Museums of Etchmiadzin will also participate in the
A submissao ao catholicos armenio marcou o inicio do enfraquecimento da Igreja Albanesa e formalmente o catholicos albanes (cuja residencia nos ultimos seculos se encontrava em Gandzasar) existiu ate 1836, depois foi suprimido pelo Czar Nicolau I por decisao do Santo Sinodo da Igreja Ortodoxa Russa, o que colocou fim a existencia, mesmo nominal, a Igreja Albanesa e as paroquias que dependiam dela foram indiretamente subordinadas ao catholicos de Etchmiadzin. A Igreja Armenia apoderou-se das igrejas albanesas, de sua chancelaria, assim como de sua Representacao em Jerusalem, que era transmitida a Igreja Albanesa porque apostolica e autocefala.