Eternal Peace

Eternal Peace

 

a term used to designate a number of projects to establish world peace which were put forth by humanists and educators from the 16th to the beginning of the 19th century.

In his treatise The Complaints of Peace (1518), Erasmus of Rotterdam called upon people to unite against war. During the 17th century, projects for eternal peace were proposed by the Czech philosopher and educator J. A. Comenius, the British thinker W. Penn, and others. Wide renown was gained in the 18th century by the Project for Perpetual Peace in Europe (1713-17), written by C. I. Saint-Pierre, a representative of the early French Enlightenment. He envisioned a guarantee of peace in the creation of a union of European states, the members of which would be obligated to refrain from using weapons in resolving any conflicts arising among them. This project was subjected to criticism by J. J. Rousseau (in his Opinion of Perpetual Peace, 1761), who demonstrated the impossibility of achieving such a union of states under the conditions of a despotic system. In his treatise Eternal Peace (1795), I. Kant conjectured about the objective principles which would lead in the future to the creation of a union of peoples and to the establishment of peace; the union of states proposed by him would have to ensure not only continual peace but also the sovereignty of each state. In Russia the most all-encompassing program for eternal peace was advanced by the educator and democrat V. F. Malinovskii in his work A Discourse on Peace and War (parts 1-2, 1803).

PUBLICATION

Traktaty o vechnom mire. Moscow, 1963. (Bibliography.)

I. S. ANDREEVA

References in classic literature ?
There in the realms of eternal peace and blessedness?
He turned now with a lover's thirst to images of tranquil skies, fresh meadows, cool brooks--an existence of soft and eternal peace.
So the traveler comes in, sits himself down on a three-legged stool, and says: 'Are you mindful of God, who gives eternal peace to those who confess His Name?
I could have clasped the red walls to my bosom as a garment of eternal peace.
In his message, the chief minister prayed that may Allah Almighty rest the departed soul in eternal peace and grant courage and strength to the bereaved family to bear the irreparable loss with fortitude.
QUETTA: Former Chief Minister Balochistan, Nawab Aslam Raisani and former Provincial Minister for Information, Mohammad Younas Mulazai paid a visit to the residence of late senior journalist, Lala Siddiq Baluch and offered Fateha for the rest of departed soul in eternal peace.
The participants prayed for rest of the departed soul of Zainab in eternal peace.
He has extended sympathies to the bereaved family and prayed that may Allah Almighty rest the departed soul in eternal peace and grant courage and strength to the bereaved family to bear the irreparable loss with fortitude.
He offered Fateha for the late mother of the PTI leader and prayed to Allah Almighty to rest the departed soul in the eternal peace and grant patience to the bereaved family.
The President prayed to Almighty Allah to bless the departed soul with eternal peace and grant courage to the bereaved family to bear this irreparable loss.
HH Shaikh Sabah prayed God to rest the soul of the martyr in eternal peace and to grant speedy recovery to the injured.
The Ministry prayed to Almighty Allah to rest his soul in eternal peace and bestow patience on the deceased family.