Eternal Peace

Eternal Peace

 

a term used to designate a number of projects to establish world peace which were put forth by humanists and educators from the 16th to the beginning of the 19th century.

In his treatise The Complaints of Peace (1518), Erasmus of Rotterdam called upon people to unite against war. During the 17th century, projects for eternal peace were proposed by the Czech philosopher and educator J. A. Comenius, the British thinker W. Penn, and others. Wide renown was gained in the 18th century by the Project for Perpetual Peace in Europe (1713-17), written by C. I. Saint-Pierre, a representative of the early French Enlightenment. He envisioned a guarantee of peace in the creation of a union of European states, the members of which would be obligated to refrain from using weapons in resolving any conflicts arising among them. This project was subjected to criticism by J. J. Rousseau (in his Opinion of Perpetual Peace, 1761), who demonstrated the impossibility of achieving such a union of states under the conditions of a despotic system. In his treatise Eternal Peace (1795), I. Kant conjectured about the objective principles which would lead in the future to the creation of a union of peoples and to the establishment of peace; the union of states proposed by him would have to ensure not only continual peace but also the sovereignty of each state. In Russia the most all-encompassing program for eternal peace was advanced by the educator and democrat V. F. Malinovskii in his work A Discourse on Peace and War (parts 1-2, 1803).

PUBLICATION

Traktaty o vechnom mire. Moscow, 1963. (Bibliography.)

I. S. ANDREEVA

References in classic literature ?
There in the realms of eternal peace and blessedness?
So the traveler comes in, sits himself down on a three-legged stool, and says: 'Are you mindful of God, who gives eternal peace to those who confess His Name?
I could have clasped the red walls to my bosom as a garment of eternal peace.
He prayed for the eternal peace of the departed soul and courage to the bereaved family to bear the irreparable loss with patience.
She prayed Allah Almighty for the eternal peace of the departed soul and forbearance for the entire family to bear the irreparable loss with equanimity.
While lauding his services for journalism, the president prayed for eternal peace of the departed soul.
He prayed that may Allah Almighty rest the departed soul in eternal peace and grant courage to the bereaved family to bear the irreparable loss with fortitude.
In their separate condolence messages here on Tuesday, they prayed Almighty Allah to rest the departed soul in eternal peace and grant courage to the bereaved family to bear the loss with fortitude.
They prayed to Almighty Allah to rest the souls of martyred in eternal peace and sympathized with bereaved families and also prayed for early recovery of injured.
In his two separate condolence messages the President lauded her services for journalism and prayed to Almighty to rest the departed soul in eternal peace.
The day dawned with special prayers in mosques for progress, solidarity and prosperity of the country, liberation of occupied muslim territories and eternal peace of the martyrs.
In their separate messages they expressed their heartfelt sympathies with the bereaved families, they prayed for eternal peace of the departed souls and for the courage of the bereaved families.