Eternal Peace

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Eternal Peace

 

a term used to designate a number of projects to establish world peace which were put forth by humanists and educators from the 16th to the beginning of the 19th century.

In his treatise The Complaints of Peace (1518), Erasmus of Rotterdam called upon people to unite against war. During the 17th century, projects for eternal peace were proposed by the Czech philosopher and educator J. A. Comenius, the British thinker W. Penn, and others. Wide renown was gained in the 18th century by the Project for Perpetual Peace in Europe (1713-17), written by C. I. Saint-Pierre, a representative of the early French Enlightenment. He envisioned a guarantee of peace in the creation of a union of European states, the members of which would be obligated to refrain from using weapons in resolving any conflicts arising among them. This project was subjected to criticism by J. J. Rousseau (in his Opinion of Perpetual Peace, 1761), who demonstrated the impossibility of achieving such a union of states under the conditions of a despotic system. In his treatise Eternal Peace (1795), I. Kant conjectured about the objective principles which would lead in the future to the creation of a union of peoples and to the establishment of peace; the union of states proposed by him would have to ensure not only continual peace but also the sovereignty of each state. In Russia the most all-encompassing program for eternal peace was advanced by the educator and democrat V. F. Malinovskii in his work A Discourse on Peace and War (parts 1-2, 1803).

PUBLICATION

Traktaty o vechnom mire. Moscow, 1963. (Bibliography.)

I. S. ANDREEVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
There in the realms of eternal peace and blessedness?" she thought.
He turned now with a lover's thirst to images of tranquil skies, fresh meadows, cool brooks--an existence of soft and eternal peace.
"So the traveler comes in, sits himself down on a three-legged stool, and says: 'Are you mindful of God, who gives eternal peace to those who confess His Name?
I could have clasped the red walls to my bosom as a garment of eternal peace. "Death," I said, "any death but that of the pit!" Fool!
Herein I rejoice with a serene eternal peace. I contract the boundaries of possible mischief.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on Saturday attended a milad and doa mahfil in the capital seeking eternal peace of the departed soul of Ivy Rahman, wife of late President Zillur Rahman and former women affairs secretary of Bangladesh Awami League (AL).
He expressed his deep grief and sorrow over death of mountaineer and offered Fatiha for the departed soul for eternal peace.
He prayed to Allah, the Almighty, to rest the departed souls in eternal peace and grant courage to the bereaved families to bear the irreparable loss with equanimity.
The Air Chief also prayed for eternal peace of the martyred souls, who embraced shahadat in the line of duty.
They extended to HRH the Prime Minister deepest condolences over the demise of his sister, HH Shaikha Aisha bint Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, may Allah the Almighty rest her soul in eternal peace.
The APNS office bearers have offered condolence to the bereaved family and prayed for departed soul in eternal peace.
May Allah rest him in eternal peace," Ali Zaidi added.