Eternal Peace of 1686

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Eternal Peace of 1686


a treaty between Russia and Poland signed in Moscow on May 6 by the Polish ambassadors K. Grzymultowski and M. Oginski and the Russian V. V. Golitsyn.

The text of the treaty consists of a preamble and 33 articles. The treaty, which confirmed the conditions of the Andrusovo Armistice of 1667, forever attached to Russia the Left-bank Ukraine, including Kiev and Zaporozh’e, the territory of Seversk with Chernigov and Starodub, and the city of Smolensk and its vicinity. Each government pledged not to sign a separate peace with the Turkish sultan. With the conclusion of the Eternal Peace, Russia became a participant in an anti-Turkish coalition that consisted of Poland, the Roman Empire, and Venice and pledged to organize a military campaign against the Crimean Khanate.

The conclusion of the Eternal Peace was a great success for Russian diplomacy. It marked a drastic change in Russo-Polish relations and played a significant role in the struggle of the peoples of Eastern Europe against the Turkish-Tatar aggressors. The Eternal Peace made easier Russia’s subsequent battle with Sweden for an outlet to the Baltic Sea.


Ocherki istorii SSSR: Period feodalizma, XVII v. Moscow, 1955. Chapter 4 par. 8.
Istoriia Pol’ski, 2nd ed., vol. 1. Moscow, 1954. Chapter 7, par. 7.
Belov, M. I. “K istorii diplomaticheskikh otnoshenii Rossii vo vremia krymskikh pokhodov (1686-1689 gg.)” Uch. Zap. LGU: Seriia istoricheskikh nauk, 1949, no. 112, issue 14.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.