Durban

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Durban

(dûr`bən), city, now part and seat of eThekwinieThekwini,
metropolitan municipality (2011 pop. 3,422,361), 885 sq mi (2,291 sq km), KwaZulu-Natal prov., E South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. Durban is the municipal seat; other communities include Umlazi, Chatsworth, Kwa-Mashu, Phoenix, and Inanda.
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 metropolitan municipality, KwaZulu-Natal prov., E South Africa, on Natal Bay, an arm of the Indian Ocean. Durban is an industrial center, a major seaport, and a year-round resort. Industries include sugar refining, shipbuilding and ship repairing, petroleum refining, fishing, automobile assembly, and the manufacture of food products, paint, chemicals, fertilizers, soap, footwear, and textiles. Sugarcane is grown on nearby estates. Durban is the main port for the WitwatersrandWitwatersrand
[Afrik.,=white water ridge] or the Rand,
region, Gauteng prov. (formerly a part of Transvaal), South Africa. The area, which forms the watershed between the Vaal and Olifants rivers, is c.
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 and is connected by railroad with Johannesburg and other cities on the Rand. Its main exports are manganese and other ores, coal, sugar, and corn. Corporate parks abound in its suburbs and Durban International Airport is nearby. Persons of Indian and Pakistani descent make up c.40% of the population.

The site of Durban was visited in 1497 by Vasco da Gama, who named it Rio de Natal; British colonization began in 1824. The city, first called Port Natal by the British, was renamed Durban in 1835 after Sir Benjamin D'Urban, then governor of Cape Colony. In 1842, BoersBoer
[Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape Province.
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 (Afrikaners) besieged British troops in the Old Fort (now a museum) there. Gold was discovered in Johannesburg in the 1880s, and Durban became the chief commercial city of Natal and a major port after 1887, when the bay was dredged. The city was the site of the national convention (1908–9) that paved the way for the creation in 1910 of the Union of South Africa. Durban is the seat of the Univ. of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, and the Durban Univ. of Technology. Also there are the Durban Museum and Art Gallery, the Old Courthouse and Kwa Muhle museums, an aquarium, Greyville Race Course, and the botanical gardens in the hilltop suburb of Berea.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Durban

 

(Port Natal), a city in the eastern part of the Republic of South Africa, in Natal Province. An important port on the Indian Ocean, Durban had a population of 696,300 (1968, including suburbs), including 206,700 Bantu Africans, 270,300 Asians (mostly Indians), and 187,800 Europeans. Durban is an important chemical, oil-refining, food (sugar), textile, glass, and paper-manufacturing center. A ship-repairing yard and railroad workshops are located in the city. A railroad connects Durban with the mining centers of Transvaal and Natal provinces. Exports from Durban include manganate ores, chrome, coal, sugar, and wool. Oil is imported. The port’s freight turnover for 1967-68 totaled 22 million tons. Durban is a ship-refueling station and a base of the whaling industry. The University of Natal is located in Durban. The first European settlement was founded in 1824. In 1835 the settlement was named Durban, in honor of the governor of the Cape Colony, B. D’Urban. The construction of the port began in 1855.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Durban

a port in E South Africa, in E KwaZulu/Natal province on the Indian Ocean: University of Natal (1909); resort and industrial centre, with oil refineries, shipbuilding yards, etc. Pop.: 536 644 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2007 eThekwini Municipality published a list of all the approved name changes for phases one and two, including a short justification for the selection of each proposed name.
A formal study known as the "Multipoint Plan: Project 4 South Durban Health Study" was recently undertaken in South Durban (eThekwini Municipality, 2006).
She has also served as a consultant to a number of organizations, including KwaZulu Finance Investment Corporation--as a member of the team drafting new legislation for the transformed KFC, now called Ithala; in 1997 to 1998 she was part of the Marriot Merchant Bank Consortium that worked on the corporatisation of Durban Transport; In 2001-2002 she consulted as a communications and public relations agent for the mayor at Ethekwini Municipality.
From left James Ramsbotham, <BNECC, David Coppock, UKTI, and Thomas Mketelwa, deputy head skills development, eThekwini Municipality
From 1994 to 2003, there were 6 400 road-traffic deaths in the eThekwini Municipality, of which nearly 20% were children.
The study was conducted at the TU of King Edward VIII Hospital (KE8H), eThekwini Municipality, in August 2011.
To the Editor: A study of the parasites of invasive rats in the eThekwini Municipality of KwaZulu-Natal has led to this first report of Angiostrongylus (Parastrongylus) cantonensis, commonly known as the rat lung worm, in South Africa.