Durban

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Durban

(dûr`bən), city, now part and seat of eThekwinieThekwini,
metropolitan municipality (2011 pop. 3,422,361), 885 sq mi (2,291 sq km), KwaZulu-Natal prov., E South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. Durban is the municipal seat; other communities include Umlazi, Chatsworth, Kwa-Mashu, Phoenix, and Inanda.
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 metropolitan municipality, KwaZulu-Natal prov., E South Africa, on Natal Bay, an arm of the Indian Ocean. Durban is an industrial center, a major seaport, and a year-round resort. Industries include sugar refining, shipbuilding and ship repairing, petroleum refining, fishing, automobile assembly, and the manufacture of food products, paint, chemicals, fertilizers, soap, footwear, and textiles. Sugarcane is grown on nearby estates. Durban is the main port for the WitwatersrandWitwatersrand
[Afrik.,=white water ridge] or the Rand,
region, Gauteng prov. (formerly a part of Transvaal), South Africa. The area, which forms the watershed between the Vaal and Olifants rivers, is c.
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 and is connected by railroad with Johannesburg and other cities on the Rand. Its main exports are manganese and other ores, coal, sugar, and corn. Corporate parks abound in its suburbs and Durban International Airport is nearby. Persons of Indian and Pakistani descent make up c.40% of the population.

The site of Durban was visited in 1497 by Vasco da Gama, who named it Rio de Natal; British colonization began in 1824. The city, first called Port Natal by the British, was renamed Durban in 1835 after Sir Benjamin D'Urban, then governor of Cape Colony. In 1842, BoersBoer
[Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape Province.
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 (Afrikaners) besieged British troops in the Old Fort (now a museum) there. Gold was discovered in Johannesburg in the 1880s, and Durban became the chief commercial city of Natal and a major port after 1887, when the bay was dredged. The city was the site of the national convention (1908–9) that paved the way for the creation in 1910 of the Union of South Africa. Durban is the seat of the Univ. of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, and the Durban Univ. of Technology. Also there are the Durban Museum and Art Gallery, the Old Courthouse and Kwa Muhle museums, an aquarium, Greyville Race Course, and the botanical gardens in the hilltop suburb of Berea.

Durban

 

(Port Natal), a city in the eastern part of the Republic of South Africa, in Natal Province. An important port on the Indian Ocean, Durban had a population of 696,300 (1968, including suburbs), including 206,700 Bantu Africans, 270,300 Asians (mostly Indians), and 187,800 Europeans. Durban is an important chemical, oil-refining, food (sugar), textile, glass, and paper-manufacturing center. A ship-repairing yard and railroad workshops are located in the city. A railroad connects Durban with the mining centers of Transvaal and Natal provinces. Exports from Durban include manganate ores, chrome, coal, sugar, and wool. Oil is imported. The port’s freight turnover for 1967-68 totaled 22 million tons. Durban is a ship-refueling station and a base of the whaling industry. The University of Natal is located in Durban. The first European settlement was founded in 1824. In 1835 the settlement was named Durban, in honor of the governor of the Cape Colony, B. D’Urban. The construction of the port began in 1855.

Durban

a port in E South Africa, in E KwaZulu/Natal province on the Indian Ocean: University of Natal (1909); resort and industrial centre, with oil refineries, shipbuilding yards, etc. Pop.: 536 644 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
The official motivations given by eThekwini Municipality were generally short, providing brief biographies of the people or things concerned, usually describing a significant event in the life of a local figure.
The eThekwini municipality contracts the Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU) to monitor air quality at 15 measurement stations around the city.
To evaluate the effect of traffic calming on the number and severity of pedestrian injuries and on MVCs in two residential areas of eThekwini Municipality and to make recommendations based on our findings.
The study was conducted at the TU of King Edward VIII Hospital (KE8H), eThekwini Municipality, in August 2011.
To the Editor: A study of the parasites of invasive rats in the eThekwini Municipality of KwaZulu-Natal has led to this first report of Angiostrongylus (Parastrongylus) cantonensis, commonly known as the rat lung worm, in South Africa.
The Department of Communications (DoC) and eThekwini Municipality is hosting the South Regional Business Fair at Kwa Mnyandu Shopping Centre taxi rank in Umlazi Township from 23 to 25 June.
Tomorrow, 15 November 2016, the Premier will be joined by the leadership from eThekwini Municipality, Members of Parliament, community leaders and ordinary members of society during a sod turning ceremony near Addington Beach, at Lawn Park, Bell Street.
Members of the Portfolio Committee on Human Settlements will spend Thursday 22 and Friday 23 September 2016 measuring the extent to which the eThekwini municipality has been able to deliver quality houses and relevant amenities to its residents.
President Jacob Zuma, on behalf of government, extends a warm welcome to all international delegates to the important International AIDS Conference which will take place in Durban, eThekwini Municipality from Monday 18 July 2016 to Friday 22 July 2016.
Contract Awarded for Maphephethweni phase 1 housing project-construction of 750 low cost house 40m in the Western region of eThekwini municipality, ward 2 report back on section 24
ANC-led councillors in the eThekwini municipality have now "noted" a report by housing officials who used a Section 36 contract that by-passed normal tender rules to let PG Mavundla Engineering cede a R19.
Saying there was already a process in place to do so, eThekwini Municipality has answered the South African Municipal Workers' Union's (Samwu) call for it to in-source its security in a bid to reduce expenditure.