Ethernet adapter

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Ethernet adapter

Also called a "network interface card" (NIC), an Ethernet adapter is a card that plugs into a slot on the motherboard and enables a computer to access an Ethernet network (LAN). In the past, desktop computers always used cards. Today, Ethernet is built into the chipsets of desktop and laptop computers, and NICs are generally only used when a faster Ethernet standard is new and has not yet become mainstream. See teaming NICs.

Adding Ethernet to Old Machines
All new computers have Ethernet built in, but old desktop computers can be retrofitted with an adapter that plugs into an available PCI slot. A USB-based Ethernet adapter can retrofit both laptop and desktop, and very old non-USB laptops can also be updated (see PC Card). See Ethernet, LAN, Wi-Fi and auto negotiate.
Type of         Supported SpeedsAdapter     10 Mbps  100 Mbps  1 Gbps

  10/100        *        *

  10/100/1000   *        *         *

Ethernet Connections
The computer's Ethernet port is wired to a switch or router. If there is no network, Ethernet connects directly to a modem for Internet access. See RJ-45, Ethernet switch, wireless router, cable modem and DSL modem.
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References in periodicals archive ?
As enterprises ramp their 25GE adoption, they're creating favorable market conditions for Mellanox to continue gaining share in the Ethernet adapter market.
Increasing traffic and richer content continues to grow on the Internet(4) Adoption of virtualization and other new server technologies/solutions viewed a priority by IT managers(3) Server-class network ports growing total shipments to grow in excess of 20 percent in 2011(4) Increase in server-to-server communications(4) Ethernet adapters optimized for Dell PowerEdge 12th generation servers are a clear requirement for next-generation networks
Based on the HomePlug AV standard, the 'Powerline' AV Ethernet Adapter Kit provides reliable, high-speed internet and network connections up to 200 Mbps to devices such as digital media receivers, set-top boxes, game consoles, personal computers, networked attached storage and to the home network using existing electrical power outlets.
NETGEAR's Powerline HD Ethernet Adapter is available now through leading retailers, e-commerce sites and value-added resellers.
The Notebook Ethernet Adapter is supplied with pre-configured drivers for Novell, IPX, DOS ODI, TCPI/IP for UNIX, SUN PC/NFS and NDIS on a 3 1/2" floppy disk.
For service providers that prefer the ease of use of powerline networking, the WF-802GW (802.11ac dual-band 2x2 Wi-Fi extender) and the WF-802G (Ethernet adapter) use MaxLinear Wave-2 technology to deliver gigabit-speed services that consumers can easily install by plugging into any home socket.
The company is announcing support for the following Accolade Ethernet Adapter Models and PCI IDs: ANIC_2KL, ANIC_4KL, ANIC_TSDB, ANIC_20K, ANIC_40K, and the ANIC_20KL.
NETGEAR's Powerline AV Ethernet Adapter Kit (XAVB101) provides reliable, high-speed internet and network connections up to 200 Mbps to the home network using existing electrical power outlets, to devices such as digital media receivers, set-top boxes, game consoles, personal computers, and networked attached storage.
Featuring a highly scalable and programmable architecture, Chelsio is shipping 10-Gigabit Ethernet and multi-port Gigabit Ethernet adapter cards with protocol offload, delivering the low latency and superior throughput required for high-performance computing and storage applications.
A Gigabit Ethernet adapter (transmitting 1,000 Megabits per second--Mbps) is recommended for connection to the iSCSI target.
The 10Gb Ethernet adapter for SGI systems can be placed in a standard PCI-X slot for port aggregation, potentially replacing multiple Gb Ethernet ports with a single 10Gb Ethernet port, and significantly increasing performance and lowering total cost of ownership.
They also are broadband-ready, enabling users to cruise the Internet using a built-in V.90 56K modem or a 10/100 Ethernet adapter for high-speed cable or DSL connections.