Ethernet adapter

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Ethernet adapter

Also called a "network interface card" (NIC), an Ethernet adapter is a card that plugs into a slot on the motherboard and enables a computer to access an Ethernet network (LAN). In the past, desktop computers always used cards. Today, Ethernet cards (NICs) are generally only used in servers and high-end workstations, because Ethernet circuitry is built onto the motherboard of every desktop and laptop computer (see teaming NICs).

Adding Ethernet to Old Machines
All new computers have Ethernet built in, but old desktop computers can be retrofitted with an adapter that plugs into an available PCI slot. A USB-based Ethernet adapter can retrofit both laptop and desktop, and very old non-USB laptops can also be updated (see PC Card). See Ethernet, LAN, Wi-Fi and auto negotiate.
Type of         Supported SpeedsAdapter     10 Mbps  100 Mbps  1 Gbps

  10/100        *        *

  10/100/1000   *        *         *

Ethernet Connections
The computer's Ethernet port is wired to a switch or router. If there is no network, Ethernet connects directly to a modem for Internet access. See RJ-45, Ethernet switch, wireless router, cable modem and DSL modem.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mellanox's ConnectX EN 10 Gigabit Ethernet adapters provide the required flexibility and efficiency to enable true I/O consolidation for virtualized and enterprise data centers.
As testament to its innovative design and engineering qualities, the Powerline HD Plus Ethernet Adapter Kit won the prestigious Best of Innovations award in the home networking category of the Innovations Design and Engineering Awards Program at the 2008 Consumer Electronics Show.
The NetEffect 10Gb Ethernet adapter for the IBM BladeCenter H system is available now for purchase from NetEffect and through authorized resellers and systems integrators.
Specifically, statements concerning the expected performance characteristics, specifications, market acceptance, market growth, specific uses, user feedback and market position of NETGEAR's Powerline HD Ethernet Adapters and technology are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Safe Harbor.
Our Ethernet adapters address the full range of challenges for IT managers - namely, achieving high performance and low latency while consuming incredibly low amounts of power and yet running existing and evolving networking, storage and clustering applications for any data center in any market.
Featuring a highly scalable architecture, Chelsio is shipping 10-Gigabit Ethernet adapter cards with protocol offload in hardware, which delivers the low latency and superior throughput required for high-performance computing applications.
Based on Intel's S82595FX ISA Ethernet Controller Chip, the NodeRunner Pro Ethernet adapters use one-third the power of other Ethernet adapters, while providing superior performance for high-powered PCs.
announces its new high speed over copper ExpressCard([TM]) Form-Factor Gigabit Ethernet Adapter.
The Xircom Pocket Ethernet Adapter III now supports nearly 50 NOSs, more than any other adapter on the market.
3]s 200 Mbps powerline communications technology has been selected for use in the recently announced 200 Mbps Powerline Ethernet Adapter (DHP-300) and Kit (DHP-301) from D-Link, the end-to-end computer networking solutions provider for consumers and business.
4Kbps fax modem technology and 10Base-T Ethernet adapter technology.