Ethical Culture movement

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Ethical Culture movement,

originating in the Society for Ethical Culture, founded in New York City in 1876, by Felix AdlerAdler, Felix
, 1851–1933, American educator and leader in social welfare, founder of the Ethical Culture movement, b. Germany. He was brought to the United States as a small child, was graduated from Columbia in 1870, and afterward studied in Germany.
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. Its aim is "to assert the supreme importance of the ethical factor in all relations of life, personal, social, national, and international, apart from any theological or metaphysical considerations." No definite ethical system is insisted upon, although Adler's own ethical thought has naturally had much influence. The society holds its own religious services, but members may have other religious affiliations if they wish. Societies were organized in Chicago (1882), Philadelphia (1885), St. Louis (1886), Brooklyn, N.Y. (1906), and later in other cities. In England, Stanton Coit founded the South Place Ethical Society, London, in 1887; other societies have since been founded there. In 1896 the International Union of Ethical Societies was organized, uniting the movement, which had become worldwide. Although its membership is not large, the movement has enlisted a number of intellectual leaders.
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Felix Adler founded the Ethical Culture movement in 1877, seeking to provide a nontheistic alternative to church congregations based on a broadly humanist ethic, and the movement continues to this day, with about twenty-five societies across the United States.
Like the Ethical Culture movement in the last decades of the nineteenth century, Christian Science a generation later attracted many American Jews dissatisfied with what they regarded as the inadequacies of even a modernized Judaism.
In 1901 Hine moved to New York and became a teacher at the school, which was founded by Felix Adler, himself a social reformer who influenced modern Jewish humanitarianism and started the Ethical Culture movement. The school was originally called the Workingman's School, and was intended as a free kindergarten and elementary school for poor children.
Later, speaking of the Ethical Culture movement, Janet describes it as "a religion in the sense that humanism is.