Ethnic Community

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ethnic Community

 

(also ethnos; Russian, etnicheskaia obshchnost’ and etnos), a stable grouping of people that has developed historically, such as a tribe, a nationality, or a nation.

The principal conditions for the emergence of an ethnic community—a common territory and language—are at the same time the community’s main characteristics. Ethnic communities frequently are formed from elements that speak different languages; many nations of America are examples. Factors that may play a secondary role in the formation of an ethnic community are a common religion, the racial similarity of the people who make up the community, and the presence of considerable numbers of mestizo groups. The features of material and nonmaterial culture, everyday life, and group psychology that are characteristic of ethnic communities take shape in the course of ethnic group formation and are influenced by such factors as the specific nature of economic activity in particular natural conditions.

The members of an ethnic community share a common sense of identity, in which the notion of a common origin plays an important role. A common self-designation constitutes an outward manifestation of this sense of identity. A completely formed ethnic community is a social organism that reproduces itself primarily through ethnically homogeneous marriages and the transmission of, for example, language, culture, traditions, and ethnic orientation from generation to generation.

Ethnic communities, which are subject to change in the course of such ethnic processes as consolidation and assimilation, strive to establish their own social and territorial organization in order to achieve a more stable existence; in class society this entity is the state.

V. I. KOZLOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
They exist purely and simply as the Swahili ethnic community. They are predominantly found in the East African Coast from the Coast of Mozambique, Comoros Islands, Tanzania's Coast, Zanzibar Islands, Kenya's Coast and a few on the Somali Coast.
Summary: Beijing [China], July 21 (ANI): In a white paper, China on Sunday defended its policies and claimed that Islam was forced upon Uighurs -- the ethnic community native to Xinjiang.
National Cohesion and Integration Act, 2008 says that no single ethnic community should account for one third of the total workforce in any organisation.
'Our association is hopeful that the Sarawak government can speed up the process and finally recognise us as an ethnic community by next year which has been a life-long dream for us,' he told Bernama here today.
Dr Clarence Beaks Executive Director AMEC thanked the ethnic community leaders for their overwhelming support in launching the campaign and underlined the need to speak collectively with ONE voice .Alderman Jason Ervin spoke of the importance of the ethnic communities vote and support during the forthcoming Chicago elections with numerous candidates contesting for some of the key positions like Mayor &, Treasurer.
But Kong said the villagers are not of ethnic origin but rather Lao-Cambodians whose father or mother is Laotian and therefore cannot be registered as an ethnic community.
"The unitary character of the state is endangered by the irresponsible policies of the political representatives, bearers of public offices in the Republic of Macedonia, who regard the unitary character of the state as the right and ownership of the Macedonian ethnic community, while all other ethnic communities should be obedient to them," said Fadil Zendeli, member of the BESA.
Dutta argues that we can no longer simply view a writer as an oinsidero or ooutsidero of an ethnic community; cultural boundaries have become so fluid that the authorAEs relationship to an ethnic community is no long one-to-one.
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We have always maintained that plurality of representation must be the hallmark of participation by the Black and minority ethnic community in the politics of Wales for the sake of their future and that of their unborn families, and they must participate effectively and actively in the affairs of the four main political parties in Wales.
Rupesh Masani, a member of the Ethnic Community Group, has been involved in a number of projects, including the creation of free legal advice "drop-in" clinics for the Somali, Sikh and Muslim communities.