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1. a native, inhabitant, or citizen of Turkey
2. a native speaker of any Turkic language, such as an inhabitant of Turkmenistan or Kyrgyzstan
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Mechanical Turk

A subsidiary of Amazon.com that provides a Web services system that uses people to perform tasks better handled by humans than computers. Mechanical Turk is a "crowdsourcing" system, in which requesters post Human Intelligence Tasks (HITs) along with the fee they will pay for their completion. Turkers (the workers) choose their HITs, do the jobs and submit the results. Examples of HITs are locating information on a document, translating foreign languages, transcribing speech, as well as comparing audio to written transcripts. For more information, visit www.mturk.com. See crowdsourcing.

Who's the Turk?
The name comes from Wolfgang von Kempelen's mechanical "Turk" in the mid-1700s, which was an expert chess player dressed up as a wooden mannequin. Defeating challengers throughout Europe, including Napoleon, the Turk sat inside a wooden cabinet wearing a robe and turban. Opening the door to reveal gears and springs inside, Kempelen fooled people into believing this was a mechanical device with artificial intelligence.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Dogan, leader of the ethnic Turk Movement for Rights and Freedoms (MRF), managed to knock the gun away as people rushed the stage and subdued the assailant, CNN reported.
The party that represents ethnic Turks in Bulgaria, the Movement for Rights and Freedom (MRF), also secured its constituency in this system, which fluctuates between around 10 to 12 percent of the population.
Zhivkov also noted there was a massive desire among ethnic Turks to leave Bulgaria, adding that the looming exodus was "necessary and welcome for us."
Cyprus has been divided between ethnic Turks and Greeks since 1974, when Turkish troops occupied its northern third in response to an Athens-engineered coup in Nicosia aimed at union with Greece.
With most tobacco farmers being ethnic Turks and traditional MRF voters, the party staked the outcome of any sale on the amount of tobacco the new owners would buy from local producers.
Gul, who is on the third day in his stay in Bulgaria, visited Varna and then proceeded to Shumen where many ethnic Turks live.
The houses of ethnic Turks were attacked last night in the village of Maevka.
The cell is allegedly led by a German of Syrian descent but also includes ethnic Turks, German converts to Islam and one member with Afghan roots.
Most are the descendants of ethnic Turks who arrived during five centuries of Ottoman rule that ended in 1878.
Although some ethnic Turks resented the commercial success of their minorities, they could and did work together successfully.
Peck believes the influx of Jews from Russia and elsewhere has changed the main question from why Jews no live in Germany to how, the ramifications of the Holocaust in both Germany and the US, Russian emigration and its role in revitalizing German Jewry, the ways Jews represent themselves and are represented in Germany today, the parallel and divergent lives of ethnic Turks, modern anti-Semitism, Israel as a source of identity, and the effects of the new disapora caused by globalization.
The Associated Press quoted an Iraqi security official as saying the bomb exploded in a mostly Kurdish district of Kirkuk, a mixed city of Kurds, Arabs and ethnic Turks.