ethnocentrism

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ethnocentrism,

the feeling that one's group has a mode of living, values, and patterns of adaptation that are superior to those of other groups. It is coupled with a generalized contempt for members of other groups. Ethnocentrism may manifest itself in attitudes of superiority or sometimes hostility. Violence, discrimination, proselytizing, and verbal aggressiveness are other means whereby ethnocentrism may be expressed.
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ethnocentrism

  1. the attitude of prejudice or mistrust towards outsiders which may exist within a social group; a way of perceiving one's own cultural group (in-group) in relation to others (out-groups). The term was introduced by W. G. SUMNER (1906) and involves the belief that one's own group is the most important, or is culturally superior to other groups. Thus, one's own culture is considered to be racially, morally and culturally of greater value or significance than that of others, and one becomes distrustful of those defined as outsiders. It also involves an incapacity to acknowledge that cultural differentiation does not imply the inferiority of those groups who are ethnically distinct from one's own.
  2. a characteristic of certain personality types. The ethnocentric personality is described by T Adorno et al. (1950) in The Authoritarian Personality (see AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY). Initially this study was concerned with the social and psychological aspects of anti-Semitism, but developed into a study of its more general correlates. Adorno et al. were concerned with explaining attitudes towards other ‘out-groups’ in American society, such as homosexuals and ethnic minorities, and maintained that antagonism towards one ‘out-group’ (e.g. Jews) seldom existed in isolation. They found that ethnocentrism tended to be associated with authoritarianism, dogmatism and rigidity, political and economic conservatism, and an implicit anti-democratic ideology. Thus, hostility towards one ‘out-group’ (see IN-GROUP AND OUT-GROUP) was often generalized and projected onto other ‘out-groups’. See also PREJUDICE, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM OR RACIALISM, ATTITUDE, ATTITUDE SCALE.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
Grose (2010b) argues that Xinjiang Class policy is largely failing to promote ethnic unity between Han and Uyghurs.
Noting that the President had paid considerable attention to issues concerning people's livelihoods, Zeng Heping of Xinjiang academy of social sciences, said the instruction carried an important message, that ethnic unity and people's well-being are the key to regional stability.
This is an excellent example of the complexity behind an image of national or ethnic unity. It should be required reading for anyone attempting to understand Europe today.
The paper said such laws allowed the curbing of online content on topics ranging from "instigating racial hatred or discrimination and jeopardising ethnic unity" to gambling, violence and obscenity.
Jayaratne also told parliament on Wednesday that the government would set up a reconciliation commission to foster ethnic unity between the majority Sinhala and minority Tamil ethnic groups.
Themed "Ethnic Unity through Asian Games Year", the campaign will carry out a variety of activities in host cities of previous Asian Games.
''They plotted to undermine ethnic unity and stir up ethnic division,'' Meng said in a meeting with local officials, urging them to restore ''social order'' as soon as possible.
Ethnic unity implies the maintenance of ethnic distinctions.
Armoured vehicles and trucks carrying thousands of soldiers rumbled through riot-damaged streets of the regional capital Urumqi, blaring out propaganda urging ethnic unity.
"This was a massive conspiracy by hostile forces at home and abroad, and their goal was precisely to sabotage ethnic unity and provoke ethnic antagonism," the Communist Party boss of Xinjiang, Wang Lequan, said in a speech.
According to the interview data, most of the Naxi students internalise the state ideology, such as ethnic unity among the 56 ethnic groups and patriotism.
These ancestral homelands exercised a hold over Turkish imaginations, but today it is business opportunities, energy resources, and other practical matters rather than ethnic unity that are creating a loose Turkic "commonwealth."