ethnocentrism

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ethnocentrism,

the feeling that one's group has a mode of living, values, and patterns of adaptation that are superior to those of other groups. It is coupled with a generalized contempt for members of other groups. Ethnocentrism may manifest itself in attitudes of superiority or sometimes hostility. Violence, discrimination, proselytizing, and verbal aggressiveness are other means whereby ethnocentrism may be expressed.

ethnocentrism

  1. the attitude of prejudice or mistrust towards outsiders which may exist within a social group; a way of perceiving one's own cultural group (in-group) in relation to others (out-groups). The term was introduced by W. G. SUMNER (1906) and involves the belief that one's own group is the most important, or is culturally superior to other groups. Thus, one's own culture is considered to be racially, morally and culturally of greater value or significance than that of others, and one becomes distrustful of those defined as outsiders. It also involves an incapacity to acknowledge that cultural differentiation does not imply the inferiority of those groups who are ethnically distinct from one's own.
  2. a characteristic of certain personality types. The ethnocentric personality is described by T Adorno et al. (1950) in The Authoritarian Personality (see AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY). Initially this study was concerned with the social and psychological aspects of anti-Semitism, but developed into a study of its more general correlates. Adorno et al. were concerned with explaining attitudes towards other ‘out-groups’ in American society, such as homosexuals and ethnic minorities, and maintained that antagonism towards one ‘out-group’ (e.g. Jews) seldom existed in isolation. They found that ethnocentrism tended to be associated with authoritarianism, dogmatism and rigidity, political and economic conservatism, and an implicit anti-democratic ideology. Thus, hostility towards one ‘out-group’ (see IN-GROUP AND OUT-GROUP) was often generalized and projected onto other ‘out-groups’. See also PREJUDICE, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM OR RACIALISM, ATTITUDE, ATTITUDE SCALE.
References in periodicals archive ?
Almost immediately upon coming to power in 1963, Iraq's Baathists - particularly the younger generation led by Saddam Hussain - rejected straightforward pan-Arabism in favour of a distinctly Iraqi nationalism which looked not to Arabia but to ancient Mesopotamia for its symbols of cultural and ethnic unity.
But while some in Baghdad hailed this demonstration of ethnic unity, others said the Kurds had used hard-edged negotiating tactics to force the other parties in government to sell out Iraq's Arab identity.
Described as objects of temptation for Hutu men, Tutsi women were used as the prelude to a call for Hutu ethnic unity.
A youth project which was set up to promote ethnic unity in Birmingham, in the aftermath of the riots in the north of England last year, has won a national award.
Debbie Ogedemgbe, who casts her lot with her country's fragile prospects for ethnic unity, fights valiantly to end the war and proudly proclaims, "I am a woman and a woman of Africa.
The development of (the west) is necessary for ethnic unity and the maintenance of social stability.
The one-party system, which was adopted as a means of creating ethnic unity and economic prosperity, has failed woefully, judged by the intensity with which the people of Africa are urging their political leaders to adopt political pluralism.
President Xi pledged last month to alleviate poverty and improve ethnic unity in the region, the most direct indication yet that China's leaders want to address the causes of violence in the area.
China has vowed to crack down on what it says are militants bent on transforming Xinjiang into an independent state called East Turkestan, but it has also emphasized ethnic unity after what it described as a terrorist attack on Saturday.
From Baku's point of view, national interests did not mean forging alliances based solely on religious or ethnic unity.
We should resolutely crack down on separatist activities and crimes of all kinds, uphold state unification, ethnic unity and the normal legal order.