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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Russian, etnogenez), the process whereby an ethnic community is formed from various ethnic components.

When ethnogenesis, which is the initial stage in ethnic history, reaches completion, the ethnos that has formed may assimilate other groups or break up into new ethnic groups. Historically, two types of ethnogenesis are distinguished. The first, which is part of the ethnic history of primitive communal and precapitalist societies, concludes with the formation of nationalities, primarily in the early feudal period. In ethnogenetic processes of the second type, members of peoples that have already formed and the processes of acculturation play a decisive role in the formation of modern ethnic communities, such as the contemporary peoples of America.

Ethnogenesis is characterized by the interrelationship of two kinds of ethnogenetic processes. The first is the consolidation of autochthonous ethnic components, both related and unrelated; the second is the inclusion of immigrants in the process of ethnogenesis.

The study of ethnogenesis requires an interdisciplinary approach that uses data from the related disciplines of archaeology, comparative linguistics, and cultural and physical anthropology.


Cheboksarov, N. N., and I. A. Cheboksarova. Narody, rasy, kul’tury. Moscow, 1971.
Bromlei, Iu. V. Etnos ietnografiia. Moscow, 1973.
Sovremennye etnicheskie protsessy v SSSR. Moscow, 1975.
Bruk, S. I., and Cheboksarov, N. N. “Metaetnicheskie obshchnosti.” In Rasy i narody, issue 6. Moscow, 1976.
Kriukov, M. V. “Evoliutsiia etnicheskogo samosoznaniia i problema etnogeneza.” Ibid.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Instead, the case of the Phunoy reveals a non-linear history of "continual ethnogenesis" (p.
(29) Richard White, The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815 (Cambridge/Nueva York: Cambridge University Press, 1991); Serge Gruzinski, Elpensamiento mestizo: cultura amerindia y civilizacion del Renacimiento (Buenos Aires: Paidos, 2017); Jonathan Hill, History, Power, and Identity: Ethnogenesis in the Americas, 1492-1992 (Iowa: University of Iowa Press, 1996); Frank Salomon y Stuart B.
The Archaeology of Ethnogenesis. Annual Review of Anthropology 43: 291-305.
Here, instead, the Tidong, in their dealings with outsiders, tend to identify themselves as "Malay." Thus, he argues that the Tidong in Kalimantan and Sabah are currently undergoing a process of "divergent ethnogenesis," which he relates, in turn, to broader, comparative questions of how local people understand and manipulate ethnic labels, how the identities they assume are influenced by transnational and island-wide perceptions of ethnicity, and by the ways in which they are incorporated, or seek to incorporate themselves into the modern nation-state.
Sheila Fitzpatrick (New York: Routledge, 2000); and Marlene Lamelle, "The Concept of Ethnogenesis in Central Asia: Its Political Context and Institutional Mediators, 1940-50," Kritika 9, 1 (2008): 169-88.
(10) And just how should we parse Walter Scott's Ivanhoe (1820), an early nineteenth-century Scot's novelistic rendering of medieval English ethnogenesis? (11) Indeed, how far did Scott's account of the twelfth-century reconciliation of Saxon and Norman stocks allude-- however obliquely--to the post-1707 fusion of the Scots and English in a new British nation?
But Andersen's work is an example of an increasing number of Metis scholars who are not only attempting to delineate Metis ethnogenesis and history, but are attempting to define how Metis identity should be regarded in contemporary Canadian society.
As also indicated above, such statements date from far back in time, starting around the end of the Romanian ethnogenesis and intensifying during the Renaissance.
Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or simply Sephardim, are a Jewish ethnic division whose ethnogenesis and emergence as a distinct community of Jews coalesced in the Iberian Peninsula around the start of the 2nd millennium (i.e., about the year 1000).
"The Akan people [of Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana] are believed to have migrated to their current location from the Sahara desert and Sahel region of West Africa into the forested region around the 6th century, and many Akans [only] tell their history as it started in the forested region of West Africa, as this is where the ethnogenesis of the Akan, as we know them today, happened.