Ethnogenesis


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Ethnogenesis

 

(Russian, etnogenez), the process whereby an ethnic community is formed from various ethnic components.

When ethnogenesis, which is the initial stage in ethnic history, reaches completion, the ethnos that has formed may assimilate other groups or break up into new ethnic groups. Historically, two types of ethnogenesis are distinguished. The first, which is part of the ethnic history of primitive communal and precapitalist societies, concludes with the formation of nationalities, primarily in the early feudal period. In ethnogenetic processes of the second type, members of peoples that have already formed and the processes of acculturation play a decisive role in the formation of modern ethnic communities, such as the contemporary peoples of America.

Ethnogenesis is characterized by the interrelationship of two kinds of ethnogenetic processes. The first is the consolidation of autochthonous ethnic components, both related and unrelated; the second is the inclusion of immigrants in the process of ethnogenesis.

The study of ethnogenesis requires an interdisciplinary approach that uses data from the related disciplines of archaeology, comparative linguistics, and cultural and physical anthropology.

REFERENCES

Cheboksarov, N. N., and I. A. Cheboksarova. Narody, rasy, kul’tury. Moscow, 1971.
Bromlei, Iu. V. Etnos ietnografiia. Moscow, 1973.
Sovremennye etnicheskie protsessy v SSSR. Moscow, 1975.
Bruk, S. I., and Cheboksarov, N. N. “Metaetnicheskie obshchnosti.” In Rasy i narody, issue 6. Moscow, 1976.
Kriukov, M. V. “Evoliutsiia etnicheskogo samosoznaniia i problema etnogeneza.” Ibid.

N. N. CHEBOKSAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
The ethnogenesis of the Palmarino: preliminary directions in the historical archaeology of a seventeenth-century Brazilian Quilombo.
A local Muchik identity appears to have emerged through a process of ethnogenesis that crystallised in the first few centuries AD (Bawden 2001).
Austronesian diaspora and the ethnogenesis of people in Indonesian Archipelago: proceedings of the International symposium: 146-62.
The Akan people [of Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana] are believed to have migrated to their current location from the Sahara desert and Sahel region of West Africa into the forested region around the 6th century, and many Akans [only] tell their history as it started in the forested region of West Africa, as this is where the ethnogenesis of the Akan, as we know them today, happened.
Pfoh rightly points out that the Late Bronze to Early Iron Age transition in Israel is key to discussing multiple historiographic problems, including the issues of state formation, ethnogenesis, and the disjunction between what the biblical literature describes and what can be understood through the disciplines of archaeology and anthropology.
Author Lubov Bazan attempts to uplift the veil of secrecy surrounding Belarus and answer an important question of the ethnogenesis of the Belarusians.
The modification of energy type ratio, both numerical and vector ones defines the process of ethnogenesis within the ethnic group" [8], which is defined as "the process of all development stages (ethnogenesis phases)" [7].
The congress will discuss issues of ethnogenesis and ethnic history of Kyrgyzstan and other related questions.
27) In this context, the ethno- symbolic approach encourages the processes of ethnogenesis, in which myths, memories, symbolism and especially language as mechanism of socio-cultural survival play fundamental role in analyzing formations of national identity.
Fraser (2011: 27) has recently adopted a minimalist view of Pictish social and political evolution, arguing that Pictish ethnogenesis may have been a phenomenon of the seventh century AD or later and suggesting that in some areas of early medieval Scotland 'farmer republics', rather than kings and kingdoms, may have long remained the dominant social and political formation (Fraser 2009: 34, 67).
What anthropologists have traditionally conceived in the singular as 'a culture' is in fact the differential product of intercultural relationships--typically marked all around by a heightened ethnic consciousness, if not a radical ethnogenesis.
Several important studies of Metis communities have employed genealogical research: Heather Devine, The People Who Own Themselves: Aboriginal Ethnogenesis in a Canadian Family, 1660-1900 (Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2004); Virginia (Parker) Baxter, "Searching for the Silver Fox: A Fur Trade Family History," in Lischke and McNab, Long Journey of a Forgotten People, 247-302; Donna Sutherland, "The Kokum Puzzle: Finding and Fitting the Pieces," in Liscnke and McNab, Long Journey of a Forgotten People, 305-28; Patsy Lou Wilson McArthur, "Where the White Dove Flew Up': The Saguingue Metis Community and the Fur Trade at Southampton on Lake Huron," in Lischke and McNab, Long Journey of a Forgotten People, 329-48.