Ethnolinguistics

(redirected from Ethnolinguistic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Ethnolinguistics

 

the school of linguistics that studies the relationship between a language and the culture of those who speak it, or between the language and psychology of a particular ethnic group.

Ethnolinguistics emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the USA in connection with extensive ethnographic research that was being carried out on Indian tribes of North and Central America. Initially, ethnolinguistics sought to obtain data from the history of the social relations of primitive peoples by studying corresponding linguistic phenomena; this approach was taken by such scholars as L. H. Morgan, F. Boas, A. L. Kroeber, E. Sapir, and B. Malinowski. One of the objects of study of ethnolinguistics was kinship terms, which were subjected to new methods of linguistic analysis, such as componential analysis.

In the mid-20th century, linguists began studying other areas of the lexicon, as well as levels of language. It was established that a close relationship exists between linguistic phenomena, such as methods of structuring meaning, and nonlinguistic cultural phenomena; this fact was incorporated in the Sapirian and Whorfian hypothesis of linguistic relativity. Ethnolinguistics has given rise at various times to racist interpretations of language that have not gained acceptance by scholars.

REFERENCES

Shpet, G. G. Vvedenie v etnicheskuiu psikhologiiu, fasc. 1. Moscow, 1927.
Sapir, E. lazyk. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934. (Translated from English.)
Hymes, D. H. “Directions in (Ethno-) Linguistic Theory.” American Anthropologist, 1964, vol. 66, no. 3, part 2. Pages 6–56.

A. M. KUZNETSOV

References in periodicals archive ?
In this way, schools, as infrastructures for nation-building, can inadvertently serve to create and reproduce multiple centres of ethnolinguistic normativity: in this case, those who can imitate school French and those who cannot.
In addition to perception of discrimination, the present study tests macro-societal correlates of readiness to move deriving from two broad theoretical frameworks: ethnolinguistic vitality and acculturation.
Inferring Ethnolinguistic Vitality in a Community of Northeast Thailand".
Language, culture and identity: An ethnolinguistic perspective.
Some authors have included ethnolinguistic fractionalisation (see, for instance, Alesina et al.
dissertation, "The autochthonous religion of the Benuaq in East Kalimantan - an ethnolinguistic analysis," was published by Freiburg Document Repository of the Albert-Ludwigs Universitat in 2013.
The ethnolinguistic groups that produce masks and other items from bronze, ivory, wood, malachite, or ceramics can be easily identified by their distinct styles.
Landscape and language are enmeshed with silence or gesture in this analysis of ethnolinguistic identity (p.
So group identity (and hence group contrasts) becomes increasingly important; knowledge of one another as individuals, mediated by shared individual experience, becomes increasingly supplemented or replaced by knowledge of one another as members of the one ethnolinguistic combine.
This study uses a lexicographic approach as well as ethnolinguistic methods to explore Camfranglais (also known as Francanglais) , which is spoken in the language contact region of the towns for former British Cameroon and former French Cameroon.
National and international social scientists will present their research articles on different themes including Theories and Methods Emerging Trends in Social Sciences; Arts, Humanities and Sciences Blurring Boundaries; Developing Institutional Capacity for Promoting Social Sciences; SocioEconomic Development and Education in Pakistan; Social Transformation and Conflict in the Region, Civil Society and NeoLiberal State; National Integration and EthnoLinguistic Contestations; Democratic governance and development, Security Paradoxex, Regional and Global Power Politics; Media and Cyber Space: Alternative Venues for Contesting Discourses; and Folklore and the quest for identity.
As one of the members of the critically-acclaimed KardeE- TE-rkE-ler ensemble, Aksoy helped launch a provocative musical experiment that has offered a new vision of folklore in Turkey, one that celebrates the ethnolinguistic richness of Turkey's musical heritage as opposed to masking it.