Ethyl Chloride


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ethyl chloride

[¦eth·əl ′klȯr‚īd]
(organic chemistry)
C2H5Cl A colorless gas, liquefying at 12.2°C, slightly soluble in water; used as a solvent, in medicine, and as an intermediate. Also known as chloroethane.

Ethyl Chloride

 

(also chloroethane), C2H5Cl, a colorless, highly volatile liquid with an ethereal odor.

Ethyl chloride has a boiling point of 12.5°C, a melting point of – 140.85°C, and a density of 0.903 g/cm3 at 15°C. Poorly soluble in water, it is soluble in most organic solvents. It is flammable, and its explosive limits in air are 3.8 and 15.4 percent by volume.

Ethyl chloride may be produced by the reaction of ethylene with hydrogen chloride or by the thermal, catalytic, or photochemical chlorination of ethane. Ethyl chloride is used as a solvent for phosphorus, sulfur, fats, and oils and as an ethylating agent in the production of tetraethyllead and ethylcellulose. In medicine it is used as an anesthetic.

References in periodicals archive ?
Afraid to look bad in front of his friends, he sprayed a generous amount of ethyl chloride onto tissue paper, held it to his mouth and inhaled deeply.
Babek recalls another party where he saw a teenage boy doing so much of ethyl chloride that he just sat there dazed, his eyes bloodshot and wild.
At the time, ethyl chloride, an over-the-counter drug available at most pharmacies in the city, was the rage.
Ethyl chloride is FLAMMABLE and should never be used in the presence of an open flame or electrical cautery equipment.
The new Accu-Stream 360 delivery system takes the proven pain relief solution of Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride and offers the flexibility, ease of actuation and spray pattern of the familiar brown glass bottle for those who prefer the aerosol can format.
Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride is a topical skin refrigerant widely used by healthcare professionals to instantly cool and numb skin prior to injection and minor surgical procedures.
Police advised residents between Prince Regent Street and the TJ Thompson scrap yard to stay indoors while firefighters dealt with empty drums, some reported to contain traces of ethyl chloride, a lung and eye irritant.
The court heard the presenter's body was found next to a canister of ethyl chloride - a volatile compound with effects similar to amyl nitrate.