Ethyl Chloride


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ethyl chloride

[¦eth·əl ′klȯr‚īd]
(organic chemistry)
C2H5Cl A colorless gas, liquefying at 12.2°C, slightly soluble in water; used as a solvent, in medicine, and as an intermediate. Also known as chloroethane.

Ethyl Chloride

 

(also chloroethane), C2H5Cl, a colorless, highly volatile liquid with an ethereal odor.

Ethyl chloride has a boiling point of 12.5°C, a melting point of – 140.85°C, and a density of 0.903 g/cm3 at 15°C. Poorly soluble in water, it is soluble in most organic solvents. It is flammable, and its explosive limits in air are 3.8 and 15.4 percent by volume.

Ethyl chloride may be produced by the reaction of ethylene with hydrogen chloride or by the thermal, catalytic, or photochemical chlorination of ethane. Ethyl chloride is used as a solvent for phosphorus, sulfur, fats, and oils and as an ethylating agent in the production of tetraethyllead and ethylcellulose. In medicine it is used as an anesthetic.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Amin Al Ameri, assistant undersecretary at the Ministry of Health and Prevention, said that the ministry recently set off the alarm regarding the abuse of ethyl chloride, following complaints from hospitals about the cases of teenagers who came in serious health condition due to inhaling of the gas.
Short-term inhalation of ethyl chloride may lead to temporary feeling of drunkenness, dizziness, lack of muscle coordination and unconsciousness.
Initially open drop ether anaesthesia was used after induction by ethyl chloride and this method was still popular in the peripheral area till late sixties.
30 minutes after drug administration patient's response was noted on visual analogue scale after cold test with ethyl chloride which showed that 93.
At the time, ethyl chloride, an over-the-counter drug available at most pharmacies in the city, was the rage.
For more information about making shots less scary to patients by using a skin refrigerant like Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride, contact Gebauer customer service representatives at (800) 321-9348.
Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride is a topical skin refrigerant widely used by healthcare professionals to instantly cool and numb skin prior to injection and minor surgical procedures.
Accu-Stream 360 with Sure Lock Technology is an innovative delivery system for Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride 3.
Tenders are invited for supply of beta morpholino ethyl chloride at goaw, neemuch.
The UAE Ministry of Health and Prevention has issued a circular to warn about the dangers of misusing ethyl chloride spray, which has recently gained interest among adolescent students.
Even those deemed not at risk for drug use have found their product of choice, in the form of ethyl chloride.
Ethyl chloride is stored in glass bottles or vials with a spring-loaded valve.