ethyl sulfate


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ethyl sulfate

[¦eth·əl ′səl‚fāt]
(organic chemistry)
References in periodicals archive ?
The urine test for the alcohol metabolites ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) points toward alcohol use in the previous 3 days, but the test is plagued with false positives at the lower cutoff values.
Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE), ethyl glucuronide (EtG), and ethyl sulfate (EtS) are established in utero alcohol exposure markers (6, 8-18); although these meconium markers identify maternal alcohol consumption, data validating analyte cutoffs and interpretation criteria are limited.
Population baseline of meconium ethyl glucuronide and ethyl sulfate concentrations in newborns of nondrinking women in 2 Mediterranean cohorts.
Ethyl sulfate (EtS) is another alcohol metabolite produced by a reaction in the liver (Helander and Beck 2005).
Urinary tract infection: A risk factor for false-negative urinary ethyl glucuronide but not ethyl sulfate in the detection of recent alcohol consumption.
Improved detection of ethyl glucuronide and ethyl sulfate in a pain management population using high-throughput LC-MS/MS.
In addition, the company now offers drug screening tests for heroin metabolite 6-Monoacetylmorphine, alcohol biomarkers ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS), and meperidine (Demerol[R]).
Examples include the alcohol metabolites ethyl glucuronide (EtG), ethyl sulfate, fatty acid ethyl esters, and phosphatidylethanol.
Liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry detection for the measurement of ethyl glucuronide and ethyl sulfate in meconium: new biomarkers of gestational ethanol exposure?
EtG and ethyl sulfate (EtS) (6) are minor ethanol metabolites formed by uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) and sulfotransferase (SULT), respectively, and excreted in urine for a longer time than ethanol (7-10).
1%) of the ingested ethanol undergoes phase II conjugation reactions to produce ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) (2, 3), catalyzed by uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase or sulfotransferase, respectively.
Animal studies have indicated that ethanol may also undergo sulfate conjugation through the action of sulfotransferase to produce ethyl sulfate (EtS) (7-9).