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(organic chemistry)
NH2CH2CH2NH2 Colorless liquid, melting at 8.5°C, soluble in water; used as a solvent, corrosion inhibitor, and resin and in adhesive manufacture.



(also called 1,2-diaminoethane), H2NCH2CH2NH2, a colorless liquid that has the odor of ammonia.

Ethylenediamine has a boiling point of 116.5°C, a melting point of 8.5°C, and a density of 0.899 g/cm3 at 20°C. It is soluble in water and alcohol and slightly soluble in ether, but it is insoluble in benzene. It is a strong base.

The salts of ethylenediamine and fatty acids are used in the textile industry as softeners, and ethylenediamine tartrate has piezoelectric properties. Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid is produced by reacting ethylenediamine with chloroacetic acid. Ethylenediamine is used in the manufacture of such products as fungicides, dyes, latex stabilizers, emulsifiers, and plasticizers, and it is also used as a curing agent for epoxy resins. It is produced mainly by the action of ammonia on dichloroethane.

Ethylenediamine is toxic. The maximum permissible concentration of its vapors in the air is 0.001 mg per liter.

References in periodicals archive ?
1 Capacity distribution of ethylenediamines production in China, 2010
1 Forecast on capacity of ethylenediamines in China, 2010E~2015
1 Import and export situation of ethylenediamine in China, 2005~2009
2 Origins of imported ethylenediamine in China, 2009
3 Destinations of exported ethylenediamine in China, 2009
1 List of key end users in major consumption fields of ethylenediamine in China, 2009
1 Consumption structure of ethylenediamine in China, by volume, 2009
The main consumption fields of ethylenediamines in China concentrate in resin, pesticide, pharmaceutical, complexant, polyurethane foam, spandex, plastic, bleach and paint, etc, and the total consumption volume of ethylenediamines has reached about 42,600 tonnes in 2010.
Producers of various ethylenediamines in China in 2011
Introduction to technology of various ethylenediamines in China
III Overview of ethylenediamines in China III-1 Production situation III-2 Production technology III-3 Import analysis in 2009 and Jan-Oct 2010 III-4 Consumption situation III-5 Market trends
V Appendix: Profiles of key ethylenediamine end users and importers V-1 Jiangsu Changzhou Shanfeng Chemical Industry Co.

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