Etienne Jules Marey

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Marey, Étienne Jules


Born Mar. 5, 1830, in Beaune, department of Côte-d’Or; died May 15, 1904, in Paris. French physiologist; member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1878). Professor at the Collège de France (from 1867).

Marey’s chief works were devoted to blood circulation and the physiology of movements in animals and humans. He developed a method for the graphic recording of physiological processes. He constructed a device (Marey capsule) for automatically recording the movements of animal organs and a number of devices for photographing movements; he improved devices for the graphic registration of the activity of the heart (cardiograph) and the pulse (sphygniograph). Using new methods, he defined more accurately the performance of the organism’s motor functions (such as muscular work while walking or running).


Physiologic médicole de la circulation du sang. Paris, 1863.
La Méthode graphique dans les sciences experimental …. Paris, 1878.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"My neighbour says he can see a dip in power whenever I use my tools, but he's a musician so he makes a lot of noise too." Lubell, whose imaginative works are inspired by the experiments conducted by 19th century French scientist Etienne Jules Marey, is concerned about his street becoming gentrified in case newer, and richer, residents insist he keep the noise down.
Tossing off a 1978 show of Etienne Jules Marey's chronophotography, Clair further defined his orientation with "Realismes entre Revolution et Reaction: 1919-1939," 1980, an underscoring of figurative currents stemming from the Italy and Germany of the period.