Etienne Jules Marey

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Marey, Étienne Jules

 

Born Mar. 5, 1830, in Beaune, department of Côte-d’Or; died May 15, 1904, in Paris. French physiologist; member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1878). Professor at the Collège de France (from 1867).

Marey’s chief works were devoted to blood circulation and the physiology of movements in animals and humans. He developed a method for the graphic recording of physiological processes. He constructed a device (Marey capsule) for automatically recording the movements of animal organs and a number of devices for photographing movements; he improved devices for the graphic registration of the activity of the heart (cardiograph) and the pulse (sphygniograph). Using new methods, he defined more accurately the performance of the organism’s motor functions (such as muscular work while walking or running).

WORKS

Physiologic médicole de la circulation du sang. Paris, 1863.
La Méthode graphique dans les sciences experimental …. Paris, 1878.
References in periodicals archive ?
Here, Gioli sought to merge portraiture (as represented by Thomas Eakins) with the action-based photographic studies of Etienne-Jules Marey, establishing a relationship between two great innovators of the nineteenth century.
In Chapter two there is a little section on French physiologist Etienne-Jules Marey.
Lubell's prime inspiration has been the 19th century French scientist Etienne-Jules Marey, whose diverse work influenced cardiology, aviation, instrumentation, cinema and photography: in short, everything from a fleeting heartbeat to a permanent image.
Lubell uses the work of French scientist and chronophotographer Etienne-Jules Marey as a starting point for his pieces.
As a whole the book suffers slightly from the lack, in all of the three component works, of a guiding question with which to hold the attention of the reader, from the high number of lengthy quotations (often, in spite of the book's length, left unelucidated), and such errors as Nora Joyce for Nora Barnacle, Jules-Etienne Marey for Etienne-Jules Marey, the Kinematograph for Edison/Dickson's Kinetograph, and the invention of The Art of the Photoplay as an alternative title for Hugo Munsterberg's The Photoplay: A Psychological Study.
Duchamp's interest in the work of Etienne-Jules Marey has stood as an example of the way painting looked to technologies connected to the development of film for hints about incorporating movement in traditionally static pictorial art.
Janssen distinguia, por tanto, entre la fotografia analitica de los movimientos, como uso cientifico de la cronofotografia que realizaba el mismo, Etienne-Jules Marey y otros, y la fotografia animada, como reproduccion de escenas cineticas con fines espectaculares, al estilo de los Lumiere.
reconstituted a whole cycle of motion" and reanimating "these images as a moving picture"--dazzled the disparate likes of Thomas Edison, Edgar Degas, and the physiologist Etienne-Jules Marey.
Through a fascinating conjunction of analyses, extending from the early photographic experiments of Eadweard Muybridge, Etienne-Jules Marey, and Georges Demeny though such classics of the early German cinema as The Cabinet of Dr.
Created in collaboration with American architects Elizabeth Diller and Ricardo Scofidio, this fascinating, if occasionally bewildering, evening-length work was inspired by nineteenth-century technical visionaries Eadweard James Muybridge and Etienne-Jules Marey, exact contemporaries who independently investigated movement and film.
11) This discourse network makes visible, for example, what the pioneer in the science of work Etienne-Jules Marey called une langue inconnue (unknown language) of the working body (bodies and matter writing themselves).
The governor, who also maintained a racing stable, wanted Muybridge to disprove, by using photography, an assertion by Etienne-Jules Marey.