Etienne Jules Marey

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Marey, Étienne Jules

 

Born Mar. 5, 1830, in Beaune, department of Côte-d’Or; died May 15, 1904, in Paris. French physiologist; member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1878). Professor at the Collège de France (from 1867).

Marey’s chief works were devoted to blood circulation and the physiology of movements in animals and humans. He developed a method for the graphic recording of physiological processes. He constructed a device (Marey capsule) for automatically recording the movements of animal organs and a number of devices for photographing movements; he improved devices for the graphic registration of the activity of the heart (cardiograph) and the pulse (sphygniograph). Using new methods, he defined more accurately the performance of the organism’s motor functions (such as muscular work while walking or running).

WORKS

Physiologic médicole de la circulation du sang. Paris, 1863.
La Méthode graphique dans les sciences experimental …. Paris, 1878.
References in periodicals archive ?
Organized by the Barbican Centre, London, the exhibition juxtaposes works by pioneers and independent film-makers including Etienne-Jules Marey, Max Fleischer, and Lotte Reiniger with the creative output of commercial studios such as Disney, Studio Ghibli and Pixar.
In Chapter two there is a little section on French physiologist Etienne-Jules Marey.
To delineate these contours, Didi-Huberman has put together a sprawling exhibition of works by modern and contemporary artists, as well as by writers and scientists who employ comparable methods of arrangement and visual display, from modernist pioneers such as Etienne-Jules Marey and Brassai to Conceptualists like John Baldessai, Hanne Darboven, and Sol LeWitt, as well as a few of today's most indefatigable collectors of pictures, such as Hans-Peter Feldmann and Christian Boltanski.
Lubell's prime inspiration has been the 19th century French scientist Etienne-Jules Marey, whose diverse work influenced cardiology, aviation, instrumentation, cinema and photography: in short, everything from a fleeting heartbeat to a permanent image.
Lubell uses the work of French scientist and chronophotographer Etienne-Jules Marey as a starting point for his pieces.
Created in collaboration with American architects Elizabeth Diller and Ricardo Scofidio, this fascinating, if occasionally bewildering, evening-length work was inspired by nineteenth-century technical visionaries Eadweard James Muybridge and Etienne-Jules Marey, exact contemporaries who independently investigated movement and film.
It brings together industry pioneers, independent film-makers and contemporary artists including Etienne-Jules Marey, Harry Smith, Jan Eavankmajer, William Kentridge and Nathalie Djurberg alongside the creative output of commercial studios such as Walt Disney, Aardman, Studio Ghibli and Pixar.
Nach Etienne-Jules Marey (After Etienne-Jules Marey), 2005-2008, is an ode to one of the fathers of chrono-photography; the six-part work explicitly investigates the problem of how to express physical movement in a painting.
As Marta Braun claimed in 1992's Picturing Time: The Work of Etienne-Jules Marey (1830-1904): 'The photographs objectify erotic impulses and extend voyeuristic curiosity in language we now recognise as taken from the standard pornographic vocabulary.
In fact, the galleries brimmed with little bombshells, such as the manifold output of nineteenth-century scientist Etienne-Jules Marey.
Particularly evident was the artist's fascination with the late-nineteenth-century chronophotographs of Etienne-Jules Marey, especially his studies of the movement of smoke and fluids, echoed here in Veilhan's large, breathtaking sculpture Air Hockey Table, 2008, on which black cylinders slide slowly and furtively.