the accepted name in the USSR for any of various plastics based on acetates, acetopropionates, acetobutyrates, cellulose nitrates, and ethyl cellulose.

In addition to the materials on which they are based, etroly may contain plasticizers, stabilizers, colorants, doping additives, mineral fillers, and substances that give the plastics a pleasant odor and increase their resistance to bacteria. The production of the plastics involves mixing the components, homogenizing the resulting mixture at fairly high temperatures, forming ribbons or bands from the melt, cooling the ribbons or bands, and milling them into granules. Products are manufactured from etroly by the methods commonly used for other thermoplastics (seePLASTICS).

Products made from etroly have good mechanical properties and a pleasant appearance; easily polished, they retain their luster for prolonged periods. Moreover, they are not easily charged, are readily worked by mechanical methods, and can be easily glued with acetone or 10-percent solutions of etroly in certain mixtures of solvents. Etroly are used to make steering wheels, elbow rests, instrument panels, pushbuttons, and handles for motor vehicles, airplanes, ships, and railroad cars; they are also used to make telephone parts, natural-gas pipelines, toys, eyeglass frames, clothing accessories, and viewing windows for certain instruments.

Materials similar to etroly are marketed outside the USSR under the trade name Tenite (USA), Dexel (Great Britain), Cellidor (Federal Republic of Germany), and Rodiolite (France).


Malinin, L. N. “Poluchenie i pererabotka etrolov.” Plasticheskie massy, 1969, no. 8, pp. 37–41.


Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
P ETROL pump dealers on Wednesday called off their proposed strike against the daily revision of petrol and diesel prices from Friday after the government agreed to change the timing for the change to 6 am every day instead of midnight.
gt;p All the secondary controls were sensibly placed and worked well, from the stalks to the facia switches, and the simple main instruments were very clear in front of the driver but contrasted with the small and etrol engine five-speed manual Max speed: >0-62mph: 12.
There are entire townships with p etrol pumps and markets that have been built without sanction from the authorities.
ETROL prices have been soaring again and speculators are being blamed for trying to make a fast buck on the rising cost of oil.
P ETROL rationing introduced at the onset of war in 1939 finally ended on this day in 1950.
P ETROL giants may be slashing prices in a fight for your custom - but a used car capable of 40mpg in town cannot be ignored.
Price: PS22,049 >Mechanical: >p etrol engine via five-speed Max speed: >0-62mph: 12 >Combined mpg: >Insurance group: >CO2 emissions: >BIK rating: 20% >Warranty: 3 > It is the first Suzuki Crossover available with either two-wheel-drive or ALLGRIP four-wheeldrive and features bold SUV style looks.
ETROL prices hit a record high as pumps ran dry at many filling stations across Merseyside last night.
ETROL pumps ran dry on Merseyside yesterday as drivers queued for more than an hour to fill up on fuel, which had rocketed to 108p per litre in some areas.
etrol engine plus driving four wheels gearbox Max speed: >0-62mph: 11.
A BP spokesman said: ``Some forecourts in t he low to mid price range have been selling p etrol for any-thing from 71p per litre.
gt;p etrol engine via seven-speed Max speed: >0-62mph: 4.