Ettwein, John

Ettwein, John

(ĕt`vīn), 1721–1802, German-American churchman, leader and bishop of the Moravian ChurchMoravian Church,
 Renewed Church of the Brethren,
or Unitas Fratrum
, an evangelical Christian communion whose adherents are sometimes called United Brethren or Herrnhuters.
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 in the United States. He came to America from Germany in 1754 as a missionary. In his mission work he traveled as far south as Georgia and made several trips to New England. He preached to many indigenous tribes and established missions among those in Pennsylvania. In 1772 he led a band of Christian Native Americans to a new settlement established in Ohio by the Moravian missionary David ZeisbergerZeisberger, David
, 1721–1808, American Moravian missionary, b. Moravia. While a youth, he lived in Holland and later in London, where he met Graf von Zinzendorf, who enabled him to join (1739) a Moravian colony in Georgia. Zeisberger moved (c.
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, and after the Revolution he prevailed upon Congress to set aside reservations for the converted Native Americans. He represented the Moravians in negotiations with the Continental Congress over their refusal to bear arms or subscribe to the Test Act. From 1784 to 1801 he was bishop and head of the church in the United States.
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