Shortly before landing at Marathon, Herodotus notes, the Persians landed near Karystos on the island of Euboia
and "devastated their farmland" by cutting down the crops.
In the skirmish we may note three details: the Athenians who escaped Persian pursuit made for the Peneios delta, which suggests they were surprised north of it or very close to it;(14) they got away through Thessaly, which suggests that the area was not yet occupied (their pursuers could otherwise have landed and chased them towards their own forces); and they were conveyed to Athens rather than to Artemision or Khalkis, which suggests that at the time there was no Greek fleet on station in north Euboia or near it.
In this stretch there are two good beaches, both on north Euboia, one soon after turning the corner, at Artemision (the Ant gives a good line for sailing across to it), and the other half way down, at Histiaia; the beach at Histiaia is better protected from a meltemi wind funnelled down the straits.(19)
The storm four days later which troubled the Persians at Aphetai and destroyed the ships sent round Euboia was different, though just as clearly etched on the memories of Herodotus' informants.
If the Greek fleet had been nearer Thermopylai, then the Persians could have gone for the beaches of north Euboia, which offer the best anchorages within the straits of Trikeri.(56) The best protected is that at Histiaia, now Orei, but nearer for arrival from Ayiokambos is that at Pefki, now a holiday resort with a small artificial harbour.(57) Behind and a little east of Pefki beach Lolling(58) identified fragmentary remains of a Doric temple as the one mentioned by Herodotus at 7.176.1 which has given its name to the Greek anchorage, to the fights in the straits, and also to the cape at Euboia's north-east corner.
(26.) Triumphs with war booty obtained from Greece are recorded in connection with the following victories: the sack of Thessaly and Euboia by Quinctius Flamininus in 198-194 B.C.
(135.) The two beds in the Vathia tomb in Euboia preserve carved pillows and bedclothes (Vollmoeller 1901, pp.