Eubulides of Miletus

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Eubulides of Miletus


Ancient Greek idealist philosopher of the fourth century B.C., representative of the Megarian school.

Eubulides, in accordance with the ideas of the idealist school, tried to prove the falsity of sense perception of real things and phenomena. Thus the truly real is not something material and individual, but only general and ideal. To sup-port this argument Eubulides, in the tradition of Zeno of Elea, proposed a number of paradoxes, including “The Liar,” “Covered,” and “The Sorites” (The Heap). Some of them grasp the dialectic of quantity and quality (which was pointed out by Hegel; see Soch., vol. 10, Moscow, 1932, pp. 95-102).


Deycks, F. De Megaricorum doctrina. Bonn [1827].


Istoriia filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1940. Pages 144-45.
Mallet, C. A. Histoire de ;l’école de Mégare. Paris, 1845.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The reliance of fuzzy logic on the sorites (heap) paradox, originally proposed by Eubulides of Miletus in the fourth century BCE, helps make this point clear.
Here, however, Beckett appears somewhat confused: the paradox actually referred to by Clov at the beginning and by Hamm at the end of Endgame (Beckett 2006, 93, 126) is not one that deals with the impossibility of movement; rather, it is the "sorites" (or "heap") paradox first formulated by Eubulides of Miletus, which deals with the problem of vagueness.
According to [13] it was first formulated by the Greek philosopher Eubulides of Miletus: "A man says that he is lying.